Study plan for conducting a section 316(a) demonstration: K-Reactor cooling tower, Savannah River Site

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The K Reactor at the Savannah River Site (SRS) began operation in 1954. The K-Reactor pumped secondary cooling water from the Savannah River and discharged directly to the Indian Grave Branch, a tributary of Pen Branch which flows to the Savannah River. During earlier operations, the temperature and discharge rates of cooling water from the K-reactor were up to approximately 70{degree}C and 400 cfs, substantially altering the thermal and flow regimes of this stream. These discharges resulted in adverse impacts to the receiving stream and wetlands along the receiving stream. As a component of a Consent Order (84-4-W as amended) ... continued below

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Paller, M.H. February 1, 1991.

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The K Reactor at the Savannah River Site (SRS) began operation in 1954. The K-Reactor pumped secondary cooling water from the Savannah River and discharged directly to the Indian Grave Branch, a tributary of Pen Branch which flows to the Savannah River. During earlier operations, the temperature and discharge rates of cooling water from the K-reactor were up to approximately 70{degree}C and 400 cfs, substantially altering the thermal and flow regimes of this stream. These discharges resulted in adverse impacts to the receiving stream and wetlands along the receiving stream. As a component of a Consent Order (84-4-W as amended) with the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control, the Department of Energy (DOE) evaluated the alternatives for cooling thermal effluents from K Reactor and concluded that a natural draft recirculating cooling tower should be constructed. The cooling tower will mitigate thermal and flow factors that resulted in the previous impacts to the Indian Grave/Pen Branch ecosystem. The purpose of the proposed biological monitoring program is to provide information that will support a Section 316(a) Demonstration for Indian Grave Branch and Pen Branch when K-Reactor is operated with the recirculating cooling tower. The data will be used to determine that Indian Grave Branch and Pen Branch support Balanced Indigenous Communities when K-Reactor is operated with a recirculating cooling tower. 4 refs., 1 fig. 1 tab.

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  • Other: DE91011052
  • Report No.: WSRC-RP-91-043
  • Grant Number: AC09-89SR18035
  • DOI: 10.2172/5787786 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5787786
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1097084

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  • February 1, 1991

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Feb. 18, 2018, 3:59 p.m.

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  • March 1, 2018, 8:14 p.m.

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Paller, M.H. Study plan for conducting a section 316(a) demonstration: K-Reactor cooling tower, Savannah River Site, report, February 1, 1991; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1097084/: accessed April 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.