Photochemical determinants of the efficiency of photogalvanic conversion of solar energy

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A photogalvanic cell is a battery in which the cell solution absorbs light directly to generate species which, upon back reaction through an external circuit with the aid of suitable electrodes, produces electric power; photoactivation of the electrodes is not involved. The charge-carrying species have storage capacity if they are long-lived and can be prevented from engaging in degradative back reactions in bulk solution. The efficiency of a photogalvanic cell for the conversion of photon energy into electrical energy is determined by photochemical and electrochemical factors. Among the latter are the choice of electrode materials and the kinetics of electron ... continued below

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Pages: 35

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Hoffman, M.Z. & Lichtin, N.N. January 1, 1979.

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Description

A photogalvanic cell is a battery in which the cell solution absorbs light directly to generate species which, upon back reaction through an external circuit with the aid of suitable electrodes, produces electric power; photoactivation of the electrodes is not involved. The charge-carrying species have storage capacity if they are long-lived and can be prevented from engaging in degradative back reactions in bulk solution. The efficiency of a photogalvanic cell for the conversion of photon energy into electrical energy is determined by photochemical and electrochemical factors. Among the latter are the choice of electrode materials and the kinetics of electron transfer at the heterogeneous surfaces. The photochemical determinants of the efficiency of photogalvanic cell operations are examined: the absorption spectral characteristics of the cell solution, the efficiency of formation of separated charge carriers, and the lifetimes of the carriers toward back electron transfer. Modulation of bulk solution dynamics can be achieved by variation of the solution medium. The photochemical determinants are discussed with particular reference to the use of thionine or RU(bpy)2/3/sup +/ as the light absorbing species. 76 references.

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Pages: 35

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Dep. NTIS, PC A03/MF A01.

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  • Report No.: COO-2889-5
  • Grant Number: EY-76-S-02-2889
  • DOI: 10.2172/5600572 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5600572
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1093837

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • January 1, 1979

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Feb. 10, 2018, 10:06 p.m.

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  • April 11, 2018, 6:13 p.m.

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Hoffman, M.Z. & Lichtin, N.N. Photochemical determinants of the efficiency of photogalvanic conversion of solar energy, report, January 1, 1979; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1093837/: accessed December 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.