Uranium recovery from wet-process phosphoric acid with octylphenyl acid phosphate. Progress report

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Studies were continued of a process for recovering uranium from wet-process phosphoric acid with octylphenyl acid phosphate (OPAP), a mixture of mono- and dioctylphenyl phosphoric acids. The mixture contained at least nine impurities, the principal one being octyl phenol, and also material that readily hydrolyzed to octyl phenol and orthophosphoric acid. The combination of mono- and dioctylphenyl phosphoric acids was the principal uranium extractant, but some of the impurities also extracted uranium. Hydrolysis of the extractant had little effect on uranium extraction, as did the presence of moderate concentrations of octyl phenol and trioctylphenyl phosphate. Diluent choice among refined kerosenes, ... continued below

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Pages: 64

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Arnold, W.D.; McKamey, D.R. & Baes, C.F. January 1, 1980.

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Studies were continued of a process for recovering uranium from wet-process phosphoric acid with octylphenyl acid phosphate (OPAP), a mixture of mono- and dioctylphenyl phosphoric acids. The mixture contained at least nine impurities, the principal one being octyl phenol, and also material that readily hydrolyzed to octyl phenol and orthophosphoric acid. The combination of mono- and dioctylphenyl phosphoric acids was the principal uranium extractant, but some of the impurities also extracted uranium. Hydrolysis of the extractant had little effect on uranium extraction, as did the presence of moderate concentrations of octyl phenol and trioctylphenyl phosphate. Diluent choice among refined kerosenes, naphthenic mixtures, and paraffinic hydrocarbons also had little effect on uranium extraction, but extraction was much lower when an aromatic diluent was used. Purified OPAP fractions were sparingly soluble in aliphatic hydrocarbon diluents. The solubility was increased by the presence of impurities such as octyl phenol, and by the addition of water or an acidic solution to the extractant-diluent mixture. In continuous stability tests, extractant loss by distribution to the aqueous phase was much less to wet-process phosphoric acid than to reagent grade acid. Uranium recovery from wet-process acid decreased steadily because of the combined effects of extractant poisoning and precipitation of the extractant as a complex with ferric iron. Unaccountable losses of organic phase volume occurred in the continuous tests. While attempts to recover the lost organic phase were unsuccessful, the test results indicate it was not lost by entrainment or dissolution in the phosphoric acid solutions. 21 figures, 8 tables.

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Pages: 64

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Dep. NTIS, PC A04/MF A01.

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  • Report No.: ORNL/TM-7182
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-26
  • DOI: 10.2172/5719849 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5719849
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1093659

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  • January 1, 1980

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Feb. 10, 2018, 10:06 p.m.

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  • March 26, 2018, 1:41 p.m.

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Arnold, W.D.; McKamey, D.R. & Baes, C.F. Uranium recovery from wet-process phosphoric acid with octylphenyl acid phosphate. Progress report, report, January 1, 1980; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1093659/: accessed September 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.