A carbon monoxide passive sampler: Research and development needs

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Description

In rare instances, carbon monoxide (CO) levels in houses can reach dangerously high concentrations, causing adverse health effects ranging from mild headaches to, under extreme conditions, death. Hundreds of fatal accidental carbon monoxide poisonings occur each year primarily due to the indoor operation of motor vehicles, the indoor use of charcoal for cooking, the operation of malfunctioning vented and unvented combustion appliances, and the misuse combustion appliances. Because there is a lack of simple, inexpensive, and accurate field sampling instrumentation, it is difficult for gas utilities and researchers to conduct field research studies designed to quantify the concentrations of CO ... continued below

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Pages: (36 p)

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Traynor, G.W.; Apte, M.G.; Diamond, R.C. & Woods, A.L. November 1, 1991.

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Description

In rare instances, carbon monoxide (CO) levels in houses can reach dangerously high concentrations, causing adverse health effects ranging from mild headaches to, under extreme conditions, death. Hundreds of fatal accidental carbon monoxide poisonings occur each year primarily due to the indoor operation of motor vehicles, the indoor use of charcoal for cooking, the operation of malfunctioning vented and unvented combustion appliances, and the misuse combustion appliances. Because there is a lack of simple, inexpensive, and accurate field sampling instrumentation, it is difficult for gas utilities and researchers to conduct field research studies designed to quantify the concentrations of CO in residences. Determining the concentration of CO in residences is the first step towards identifying the high risk appliances and high-CO environments which pose health risks. Thus, there exists an urgent need to develop and field-validate a CO-quantifying technique suitable for affordable field research. A CO passive sampler, if developed, could fulfill these requirements. Existing CO monitoring techniques are discussed as well as three potential CO-detection methods for use in a CO passive sampler. Laboratory and field research needed for the development and validation of an effective and cost-efficient CO passive sampler are also discussed.

Physical Description

Pages: (36 p)

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OSTI; NTIS; GPO Dep.

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  • Other: DE92008297
  • Report No.: LBL-26880
  • Grant Number: AC03-76SF00098
  • DOI: 10.2172/5535776 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5535776
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1092994

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • November 1, 1991

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Feb. 10, 2018, 10:06 p.m.

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  • March 1, 2018, 8:12 p.m.

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Traynor, G.W.; Apte, M.G.; Diamond, R.C. & Woods, A.L. A carbon monoxide passive sampler: Research and development needs, report, November 1, 1991; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1092994/: accessed April 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.