Potential applications of helium-cooled high-temperature reactors to process heat use

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High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors (HTRs) permit nuclear energy to be applied to a number of processes presently utilizing fossil fuels. Promising applications of HTRs involve cogeneration, thermal energy transport using molten salt systems, steam reforming of methane for production of chemicals, coal and oil shale liquefaction or gasification, and - in the longer term - energy transport using a chemical heat pipe. Further, HTRs might be used in the more distant future as the energy source for thermochemical hydrogen production from water. Preliminary results of ongoing studies indicate that the potential market for Process Heat HTRs by the year 2020 is ... continued below

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Pages: 8

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Gambill, W.R. & Kasten, P.R. January 1, 1981.

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Description

High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactors (HTRs) permit nuclear energy to be applied to a number of processes presently utilizing fossil fuels. Promising applications of HTRs involve cogeneration, thermal energy transport using molten salt systems, steam reforming of methane for production of chemicals, coal and oil shale liquefaction or gasification, and - in the longer term - energy transport using a chemical heat pipe. Further, HTRs might be used in the more distant future as the energy source for thermochemical hydrogen production from water. Preliminary results of ongoing studies indicate that the potential market for Process Heat HTRs by the year 2020 is about 150 to 250 GW(t) for process heat/cogeneration application, plus approximately 150 to 300 GW(t) for application to fossil conversion processes. HTR cogeneration plants appear attractive in the near term for new industrial plants using large amounts of process heat, possibly for present industrial plants in conjunction with molten-salt energy distribution systems, and also for some fossil conversion processes. HTR reformer systems will take longer to develop, but are applicable to chemicals production, a larger number of fossil conversion processes, and to chemical heat pipes.

Physical Description

Pages: 8

Notes

NTIS, PC A02/MF A01.

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  • Winter annual meeting of the ASME Technology and Society Division, Washington, DC, USA, 15 Nov 1981

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  • Other: DE82004098
  • Report No.: CONF-811101-16
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-26
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5534785
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1092580

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • January 1, 1981

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Feb. 10, 2018, 10:06 p.m.

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  • April 17, 2018, 12:11 p.m.

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Gambill, W.R. & Kasten, P.R. Potential applications of helium-cooled high-temperature reactors to process heat use, article, January 1, 1981; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1092580/: accessed April 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.