Ordinal Position, Family Size, and Diagnosis in a Psychiatric Hospital Population Page: 2
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patterns of interaction must be known both specifi-
cally and also generally, in terms of types or
categories of pattern (8, p« xiv).
This i® undoubtedly an area where a great deal of research
is needed in an attempt to collect data which can# hopefully#
help us to settle seme of these questions on the basis of
One of the aspects of family structure which has been
of particular Interest to students of this field is the
question of the importance of ordinal birth position. Since
1866, there have been a number of studies exploring this
area (4). It is probably the^naae of Alfred Adler which is
moat often linked with much of the later interest la the
effects of birth order. He wrotet
Individual Psychology has opened up a very
wide field for research work by Inquiring into the
advantages and disadvantage® for children according
to the order of their birth. To simplify a
consideration of this, we shall suppose that the
parents are cooperating well and doing their best /
in the training of the children. The position of
each child in the family still makes a great
difference, and each child will still grow up in a
quite new situation. We must insist again that the
situation is never the same for two children in a
familyj and each child will show in his style of
life the results of his attempt to adopt himself to
his own peculiar circumstances (1, p. 144)*
However, Adler did net expect any fixed rules in relation to
birth order, and consistently assumed a uniqueness of these
experiences for each child which would make the development
of predictable nomothetic patterns unlikely. Indeed his
own position# based upon clinical observation, seemed to
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Sensenig, John. Ordinal Position, Family Size, and Diagnosis in a Psychiatric Hospital Population, thesis, August 1963; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc108247/m1/6/: accessed April 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .