Ordinal Position, Family Size, and Diagnosis in a Psychiatric Hospital Population Page: 15
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and particularly so in families containing over four siblings*
There is also some question that the oldest child ay be over-
represented in some categories*
Gross (4)# in a study of a much staaller number of clearly
defined schisophrenics, found no significant differences
between ordinal positions. His study is quite limited in
value as far as generalisation, since he chose only schizo-
phrenics who came from three sibling families, where the other
two sibling® were non-psychotic, and thus had a small and
select sample of patients*
Roberts and layers (8), using a case study method with
fifty cases and little statistical treatment, concluded that
there see®®d to be a tendency for the youngest male child in
lower aiddle class families to develop schizophrenia* They
explain this on the basis of the socio-cultural values and
roles which are characteristic of this class. This conclusion
is consistent with what would be expected on the basis of
Schooler (10) studied a sample of 120 female schiso-
phrenics, and found generally significant differences both
in the over-representation of schizophrenics in the last born
position when compared to first bom, and in the over-
representation of schizophrenics in the last half of the
family as compared to a birth position in the first half.
Again, in this study there is no individual treatment of the
only child in the data* These findings are consistent with
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Sensenig, John. Ordinal Position, Family Size, and Diagnosis in a Psychiatric Hospital Population, thesis, August 1963; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc108247/m1/19/: accessed April 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .