The Southern Unity Movement Page: 80
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TJ*e same committee met and drew up an "Address to the People
of Georgia, Florida, Mississippi, «te,« a was written by Hhett and
began witif* historical ffrtw of fee increasing aggressions of the
North. Much of it was devoted to a criticism of Clay** compromise.
It deeded Hie validity ol the organization #1 California as a free state
with the argument that only the people of a territory, when forming
their state constitution, could prohibit slavery ta a given region. The
The people of California constitute a people in no proper
sense of the word; but are citieena of the States or eowattiea
from which they have come, and to which they «ttXt owe their
allegiance. When, therefore, Congress attempts to carry oat
and confirm the acts of these individuals, erecting California
into a State and excluding slavery therefrom, it is the same
thing as if Congress had originally passed a law to this effect,
without the intervention of these individuals. * * , Mere then
is that exclusion from this Territory by the acta of Congress,
which almost every Souther® State in the 1talon has declared
she would not submit to, plainly and practically enforced hy
this Mil of the Senator from Kentucky.12
In answer to the prohibition of the slave trade in 0Mi Bistrict of
Colombia, Rhett included, "If Congress can legislate at all between
the master and slave in a state, where can its power fee stayed f It
can abolish slavery in the States." The address also elaborated em
such other sources of contention as the Texas boundary dispute and
the fugitive slave W , It was, in the main, a summary of southern
contentions, bat It was worded tot stronger language than ha# fceneraily
been used to date.
**IMd., pp 1W1.
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Chappell, Ben A. The Southern Unity Movement, thesis, 1956; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc107898/m1/85/: accessed September 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .