Environmental radiological surveillance in perspective: the relative importance of environmental media as a function of effluent pathway and radionuclides

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Most published guidelines for environmental surveillance emphasize the collection and analysis of specific media (e.g. air, water, milk, direct radiation) without total regard for the potential dose impact of the radionuclides expected in or actually present in the effluent streams from nuclear facilities. To determine the relative importance of medium/nuclide combinations in environmental surveillance, the experience at major ERDA sites and at operating nuclear power plants was reviewed. Typical release rates for nuclide groupings (tritium, noble gases, radioiodine, mixed fission or activation products, and transuranics) in those effluent streams were followed through various environmental pathways. By using this scheme the ... continued below

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Medium: P; Size: 32 pages

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Denham, D. H. October 1, 1977.

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Description

Most published guidelines for environmental surveillance emphasize the collection and analysis of specific media (e.g. air, water, milk, direct radiation) without total regard for the potential dose impact of the radionuclides expected in or actually present in the effluent streams from nuclear facilities. To determine the relative importance of medium/nuclide combinations in environmental surveillance, the experience at major ERDA sites and at operating nuclear power plants was reviewed. Typical release rates for nuclide groupings (tritium, noble gases, radioiodine, mixed fission or activation products, and transuranics) in those effluent streams were followed through various environmental pathways. By using this scheme the environmental medium which is most prominent in the critical dose pathway to man was determined. It was also possible to determine points of short-or long-term contaminant accumulation. Following these combination providing the relative importance of sampling specific environmental media with emphasis on the radiation dose to a critical population group. Finally, the results of these environmental pathway studies are presented in tabular form to provide ready reference for environmental surveillance program design or evaluation.

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Medium: P; Size: 32 pages

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INIS; OSTI as DE05302893

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  • 22. annual meeting of the Health Physics Society, Atlanta, GA (US), 07/05/1977

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  • Report No.: UCRL--80279
  • Report No.: CONF-770720-6
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5302893
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1074227

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • October 1, 1977

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  • Feb. 4, 2018, 10:51 a.m.

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  • March 26, 2018, 3:03 p.m.

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Denham, D. H. Environmental radiological surveillance in perspective: the relative importance of environmental media as a function of effluent pathway and radionuclides, article, October 1, 1977; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1074227/: accessed October 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.