Transient stress evolution and crystallization in laser-irradiated amorphous titania sol-gel films

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Description

Amorphous TiO{sub 2} sol-gel films are irreversibly transformed to a crystalline anatase phase when heated to temperatures in excess of 575 K or subjected to intense pulsed or CW laser irradiation. The laser-induced transformation is initiated as a result of impurity absorption and subsequent heating, and results in densification and relative changes in compressive stress of the film. Isothermally annealed films exhibit a decrease in compressive stress as crystallization proceeds while an increase in compressive stress followed by a decrease in stress is observed when crystallization is laser-induced. Raman spectroscopy has been used to characterize the crystallization ingrowth kinetics and ... continued below

Physical Description

Pages: (13 p)

Creation Information

Exarhos, G.J.; Hess, N.J. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)) & Wood, S. (Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). Dept. of Physics) October 1, 1991.

Context

This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this article can be viewed below.

Who

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this article or its content.

Provided By

UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Serving as both a federal and a state depository library, the UNT Libraries Government Documents Department maintains millions of items in a variety of formats. The department is a member of the FDLP Content Partnerships Program and an Affiliated Archive of the National Archives.

Contact Us

What

Descriptive information to help identify this article. Follow the links below to find similar items on the Digital Library.

Description

Amorphous TiO{sub 2} sol-gel films are irreversibly transformed to a crystalline anatase phase when heated to temperatures in excess of 575 K or subjected to intense pulsed or CW laser irradiation. The laser-induced transformation is initiated as a result of impurity absorption and subsequent heating, and results in densification and relative changes in compressive stress of the film. Isothermally annealed films exhibit a decrease in compressive stress as crystallization proceeds while an increase in compressive stress followed by a decrease in stress is observed when crystallization is laser-induced. Raman spectroscopy has been used to characterize the crystallization ingrowth kinetics and is used in this work as a real time probe of both film temperature and localized stress which can be evaluated from shifts in lattice phonon frequencies measured in real time during laser irradiation. The laser not only induces the phase transformation but excites inelastic Raman scattering from which film stress and temperature can be estimated. A second approach for the determination of these parameters requires incorporation of a thin ruby film between the titania and silica substrate. Here, the wavelength shift of the laser-induced ruby fluorescence can be used to quantify interfacial stress; the fluorescence lifetime measurements are used to determine temperature. The advantages and limitations of these techniques for evaluating transient stress and temperature evolution in thin titania films subjected to CW laser irradiation will be discussed.

Physical Description

Pages: (13 p)

Notes

OSTI; NTIS; GPO Dep.

Source

  • SPIE International Society for Optical Engineering meeting, Boulder, CO (United States), 23-25 Oct 1991

Language

Item Type

Identifier

Unique identifying numbers for this article in the Digital Library or other systems.

  • Other: DE92014266
  • Report No.: PNL-SA-19889
  • Report No.: CONF-911064--10
  • Grant Number: AC06-76RL01830
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5332346
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1073982

Collections

This article is part of the following collection of related materials.

Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

What responsibilities do I have when using this article?

When

Dates and time periods associated with this article.

Creation Date

  • October 1, 1991

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Feb. 4, 2018, 10:51 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • April 20, 2018, 12:52 p.m.

Usage Statistics

When was this article last used?

Yesterday: 0
Past 30 days: 2
Total Uses: 4

Interact With This Article

Here are some suggestions for what to do next.

Start Reading

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

International Image Interoperability Framework

IIF Logo

We support the IIIF Presentation API

Exarhos, G.J.; Hess, N.J. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (United States)) & Wood, S. (Washington State Univ., Pullman, WA (United States). Dept. of Physics). Transient stress evolution and crystallization in laser-irradiated amorphous titania sol-gel films, article, October 1, 1991; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1073982/: accessed June 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.