Proceedings of the second NATO-CCMS information meeting on dry hot rock geothermal energy Page: 7 of 80
This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided to Digital Library by the UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
here was applicable to the solution of problems in
many technical areas. Soon thereafter, more re-
search at LASL centered around nonweapons-nuclear
research. Later, with formation of the Atomic
Energy Commission's (AEC's) Division of Applied
Technology and then ERDA, research shifted to inex-
haustible energy resources, such as solar, fusion,
1.2. The NATO-CCMS Organization and Activities
When ERDA was formed in January 1975, it in-
herited several international agreements from the
AEC. Among these were bilateral and multilateral
agreements on the exchange of information and
scientists in various technical areas, such as
fossil, fusion, geothermal, and solar energy,
and environment and health.
The CCMS was organized to broaden NATO
countries' activities in various problem areas
facing them. Disaster relief, road safety, and
advanced health care are some of the studies that
have been completed. Continuing programs include
waste water treatment, remote sensing of marine
pollution, nutrition, conservation, solar energy,
and low-pollution automobiles. Some programs that
are nearly completed include integrated utility
systems and industrial processes. For each problem
area a lead country is designated. Thus far the
lead country in all the energy areas has been the
Developments stemming from the geothermal
pilot study include the Berkeley geothermal infor-
mation center and the portable (truck-mounted)
l-MW(e) power plant that will soon be made available
to other countries for testing of their geothermal
The final report on the geothermal pilot study
is to be submitted to the next CCMS plenary session,
which is held semiannually in Brussels. James Bresee
is the pilot leader for this effort and will continue
in that role for the International Energy Agency
(IEA) Working Party on Geothermal Energy.
Not all members of the western world are mem-
bers of the IEA. It is hoped that others will join
or at least associate with the organization and its
work and that efforts in other areas will stem from
this and that additional suggestions for interna-
tional cooperation will result from this meeting.
ERDA is very interested in international programs
if there is mutual benefit and a two-way flow of
information. Geothermal energy has a tremendous
potential to contribute to energy needs, but no
country can do all the research required alone.
1.3. The NATO-CCMS Geothermal Pilot Study
(Ronald S. H, Toms)
In conjunction with the USGS and the Bureau
of Land Management (BLM), the total US geother-
mal program is being coordinated by ERDA. USGS is
developing a current and accurate inventory of re-
sources, and BLM makes federal lands available.
ERDA is involved in the research, development, and
demonstration of geothermal energy with the goal of
making geothermal energy an option for the U S.
The strategy being used is to sponsor and assist
with the development of a geothermal industry and
to act as a catalyst to make the geothermal industry
grow. Part of this strategy is to help industry
exploit the more extensive geothermal resources,
such as geopressured reservoirs and hot dry rock.
ERDA has mounted a massive program to under-
stand and exploit the geopressurized resource using
oil and gas techniques. In the first attempt to
develop this concept, a well was drilled in a lagoon
in El Tigre, Louisiana, just south of Lafayette.
The hot water produced was saturated with methane.
In 2-3 yr we should know if this resource can be
economically exploited. Already oil companies are
interested in the geopressured resource, and soon
federal involvement may be unnecessary.
The present Administration places emphasis on
resources that can be available in the near-term,
and, as yet, there has been no return on the $50-60
million spent by the government on geothermal re-
The ERDA Hot Dry Rock Program. The first Hot
Dry Rock (HDR) energy extraction system in the world
is here at LASL. In the 7 yr this project has been
in operation, it has demonstrated that hot granite
can be drilled and hydraulically fractured and that
fractures and boreholes can be located and connected.
With these successes already accomplished, the
1977-78 program can now address the following:
• time variation of energy extraction
• time variation of fluid loss
• rate of saturation by dissolved solids
• interpretation of circulation (channeling
Here’s what’s next.
This article can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Article.
Mortensen, J.J. (comp.). Proceedings of the second NATO-CCMS information meeting on dry hot rock geothermal energy, article, November 1, 1977; New Mexico. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1071849/m1/7/: accessed May 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.