Evaluation of uranium-enrichment processes

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The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the methods used in evaluating uranium enrichment processes. The paper shows how one can choose among these many processes and what features are crucial in deciding between them. These features can be grouped into technical and economic factors. The technical factors include separation factor, throughput, inventory of material, and specific power requirement. The economic factors are: (1) capital cost of plant and supporting facilities; (2) operating costs including maintenance costs; and (3) power costs. Besides these essential factors, other factors may also need to be considered. These are: (1) potential ... continued below

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Pages: 18

Creation Information

Vanstrum, P.R.; Wilcox, W.J. Jr. & McGill, R.M. January 1, 1982.

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Description

The purpose of this paper is to outline some of the methods used in evaluating uranium enrichment processes. The paper shows how one can choose among these many processes and what features are crucial in deciding between them. These features can be grouped into technical and economic factors. The technical factors include separation factor, throughput, inventory of material, and specific power requirement. The economic factors are: (1) capital cost of plant and supporting facilities; (2) operating costs including maintenance costs; and (3) power costs. Besides these essential factors, other factors may also need to be considered. These are: (1) potential for further process improvements; (2) reliability of the process equipment; (3) difficulty of manufacturing and handling the process medium; (4) process flexibility; (5) scaling factors; (6) social factors; (7) political factors. The paper illustrates how these basic technical and economic evaluation factors are applied to real enrichment methods. The gaseous diffusion process is used as a reference process and compared with the following processes: gas centrifuge; advanced isotope separation; thermal diffusion; fractional distillation; mass spectrograph; and mass diffusion. Another point that needs to be considered is that some evaluations of uranium enrichment processes change over a period of time because of advances in technology or changes in economic climate. (ATT)

Physical Description

Pages: 18

Notes

NTIS, PC A02/MF A01.

Source

  • AICHE 1982 national winter meeting, Orlando, FL, USA, 28 Feb 1982

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  • Other: DE82009464
  • Report No.: Y/EX-18
  • Report No.: CONF-820202-14
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-26
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5376908
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1071002

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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  • January 1, 1982

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Feb. 4, 2018, 10:51 a.m.

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  • March 20, 2018, 8:35 p.m.

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Vanstrum, P.R.; Wilcox, W.J. Jr. & McGill, R.M. Evaluation of uranium-enrichment processes, article, January 1, 1982; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1071002/: accessed April 22, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.