Field studies and modeling of chemical processes in the unsaturated zone

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Technical assistance is being provided to Nuclear Materials Safety and Safeguards of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to evaluate the validity of several guidelines listed in 10 CFR Part 61 for the future burial of low-level radioactive waste. Those guidelines include the requirement that the burial site shall be capable of being modeled. Both laboratory- and field-scale studies are being conducted under unsaturated moisture conditions and under steady-state and unsteady-state flow conditions. This paper reviews the kinds of present experiments in low-level radioactive waste disposal in development at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Major emphasis is on some of the initial ... continued below

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Pages: 17

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Polzer, W.L. & Fuentes, H.R. January 1, 1985.

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Technical assistance is being provided to Nuclear Materials Safety and Safeguards of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to evaluate the validity of several guidelines listed in 10 CFR Part 61 for the future burial of low-level radioactive waste. Those guidelines include the requirement that the burial site shall be capable of being modeled. Both laboratory- and field-scale studies are being conducted under unsaturated moisture conditions and under steady-state and unsteady-state flow conditions. This paper reviews the kinds of present experiments in low-level radioactive waste disposal in development at the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Major emphasis is on some of the initial analyses of data for laboratory sorption experiments and for field transport tests. Brief reference is made to leaching and transport studies. Laboratory batch equilibrium sorption studies suggest that adsorption of nonconservative tracers can be described in terms of two empirical constants; one gives an indication of the average K/sub d/ for all adsorption sites and the other gives an indication of the spread of individual K/sub d/'s about the average K/sub d/. This information can be translated into a ''chemical dispersion'' under dynamic flow and equilibrium sorption conditions that is in addition to the traditionally accepted physical dispersion. Laboratory nonequilibrium sorption studies suggest that nonequilibrium models may be needed to model the transport of the nonconservative tracers cobalt and cesium; equilibrium models should be suitable to model strontium transport. Analyses from field-scale studies indicate that conservative tracers can reasonably be modeled with a one-dimensional advective-dispersive equation for steady flow. 12 figs., 1 tab.

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Pages: 17

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NTIS, PC A02/MF A01.

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  • 7. annual participants information meeting: DOE Low-Level Waste Management Program, Las Vegas, NV, USA, 3 Oct 1985

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  • Other: DE86000794
  • Report No.: LA-UR-85-3489
  • Report No.: CONF-8510175-1
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-36
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5063928
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1062007

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • January 1, 1985

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  • Jan. 22, 2018, 7:23 a.m.

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  • Feb. 2, 2018, 11:55 a.m.

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Polzer, W.L. & Fuentes, H.R. Field studies and modeling of chemical processes in the unsaturated zone, article, January 1, 1985; New Mexico. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1062007/: accessed October 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.