An investigation of crack-tip stress field criteria of predicting cleavage-crack initiation

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Description

Cleavage-crack initiation in large-scale wide-plate (WP) specimens could not be accurately predicted from small, compact (CT) specimens by using a linear-elastic fracture-mechanics, K{sub Ic}, methodology. In the wide-plate tests conducted by the Heavy-Section Steel Technology Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, crack initiation has consistently occurred at stress-intensity (K{sub I}) values ranging from two to four times those predicted by the CT specimens. Studies were initiated to develop crack-tip stress field criteria incorporating effects of geometry, size, and constraint that will lead to improved predictions of cleavage initiation in WP specimens from CT specimens. The work centers around nonlinear two-and ... continued below

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Pages: (34 p)

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Keeney-Walker, J.; Bass, B.R. & Landes, J.D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)) September 1, 1991.

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Description

Cleavage-crack initiation in large-scale wide-plate (WP) specimens could not be accurately predicted from small, compact (CT) specimens by using a linear-elastic fracture-mechanics, K{sub Ic}, methodology. In the wide-plate tests conducted by the Heavy-Section Steel Technology Program at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, crack initiation has consistently occurred at stress-intensity (K{sub I}) values ranging from two to four times those predicted by the CT specimens. Studies were initiated to develop crack-tip stress field criteria incorporating effects of geometry, size, and constraint that will lead to improved predictions of cleavage initiation in WP specimens from CT specimens. The work centers around nonlinear two-and three-dimensional finite-element analyses of the crack-tip stress fields in these geometries. Analyses were conducted on CT and WP specimens for which cleavage initiation fracture had been measured in laboratory tests. The local crack-tip field generated for these specimens were then used in the evaluation of fracture correlation parameters to augment the K{sub I} parameter for predicting cleavage initiation. Parameters of hydrostatic constraint and of maximum principal stress, measured volumetrically, are included in these evaluations. The results suggest that the cleavage initiation process can be correlated with the local crack-tip fields via a maximum principal stress criterion based on achieving a critical area within a critical stress contour. This criterion has been successfully applied to correlate cleavage initiation in 2T-CT and WP specimen geometries. 23 refs., 16 figs., 5 tabs.

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Pages: (34 p)

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  • Other: TI92000034
  • Report No.: NUREG/CR-5651
  • Report No.: ORNL/TM--11692
  • Grant Number: AC05-84OR21400
  • DOI: 10.2172/5205137 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5205137
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1060459

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  • September 1, 1991

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Jan. 22, 2018, 7:23 a.m.

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  • Feb. 1, 2018, 6:18 p.m.

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Keeney-Walker, J.; Bass, B.R. & Landes, J.D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)). An investigation of crack-tip stress field criteria of predicting cleavage-crack initiation, report, September 1, 1991; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1060459/: accessed July 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.