IN-PILE LOOP IRRADIATION OF AQUEOUS THORIA-URANIA SLURRY AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURE. DESIGN AND IN-PILE OPERATION OF LOOP L-2-27S

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An in-pile pump loop, designed to fit within horizontal beam hole HB-2 of the Low-Intensity Test Reactor (LlTR), was used to circulate an aqueous thoria- urania slurry while exposed to reactor irradiation. The total loop volume was about 1600 ml, including pump and pressurizer, but the slurry was confined to the 900-ml volume of the main loop stream by means of a sintered stainless steel filter. The filter was an important feature of the loop design in that it provided a thoria-free filtrate as a purge stream to the pressurizer and pump bearings to prevent entry and accumulation of thoria ... continued below

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Pages: 69

Creation Information

Savage, H.C.; Compere, E.L.; Baker, J.M.; DeCarlo, V.A. & Shor, A.J. February 14, 1962.

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Description

An in-pile pump loop, designed to fit within horizontal beam hole HB-2 of the Low-Intensity Test Reactor (LlTR), was used to circulate an aqueous thoria- urania slurry while exposed to reactor irradiation. The total loop volume was about 1600 ml, including pump and pressurizer, but the slurry was confined to the 900-ml volume of the main loop stream by means of a sintered stainless steel filter. The filter was an important feature of the loop design in that it provided a thoria-free filtrate as a purge stream to the pressurizer and pump bearings to prevent entry and accumulation of thoria in these two regions. Corrosion-test specimens of Zircaloy-2, titanium, and type 347 stainless steel were placed in the loop at three different locations for exposure to three different levels of irradiation. Duplicate sets of specimens in each position were exposed to flow velocities of 8 and 22 fps, respectively. For the in-pile irradiation, thorium oxide containing 0.43 wt of enriched U, based on Th, was used. This thoria-urania was produced by air calcination at l225 deg C of coprecipit.ited oxalates and had a me.in particle size of l.7 mu . A Pd catalyst w-as dispersed in the slurry for liquid-phase recombination of the radiolytic gas. The loop was operated in beam-holc HB-2 of the LlTR from July 19 to October l9, l960. During this period slurry was continuously eireulated at 280 deg C for 2220 hr without incident; 1839 hr were at full reactor power (3 Mwt), at which the estimated average thermal flux over the 300volume core section was 5 x l0/sup 12/ neutrons/cm/sup 2/- see. At the start of in-pile operation the loop was charged to a concei tration of 979 g of Th and 3.83 g of fully enriched U per li (at 280 deg C) which was reduced by sampling to 748 g of Th idnd 2.74 g of U per liter at the end of the irradiiition period bascd on the assunmption that no losses had occurrcd. Siinmples of slurry were withdrawn at intervals for analyses to determine the effects of radiation on the thoria-urania slurry. (auth)

Physical Description

Pages: 69

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  • Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-62

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  • Report No.: ORNL-3222
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-26
  • DOI: 10.2172/4792565 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 4792565
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1059879

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  • February 14, 1962

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Jan. 22, 2018, 7:23 a.m.

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  • Feb. 1, 2018, 1:31 p.m.

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Savage, H.C.; Compere, E.L.; Baker, J.M.; DeCarlo, V.A. & Shor, A.J. IN-PILE LOOP IRRADIATION OF AQUEOUS THORIA-URANIA SLURRY AT ELEVATED TEMPERATURE. DESIGN AND IN-PILE OPERATION OF LOOP L-2-27S, report, February 14, 1962; Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1059879/: accessed December 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.