Annual Progress Report on Fuel Element Development for FY 1962

One of 7 reports in the series: Fiscal Year 1962 available on this site.

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Activities in a project aimed at the improvement of fuel elements for high flux test reactors are reported. The investigation of new fuel compositions, distributions, and geometries is being undertaken to increase fuel life, to improve the flux distribution, and to provide a means of safely reaching higher reactor operating power and power density in these reactors. The effects of nuclear irradiation on the fuel and structural materials is being studied to predict the performance of these materials in more advanced reactor designs. A summary of the past year's progress is given and the fabrication and irradiation of samples containing ... continued below

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Pages: 127

Creation Information

Gibson, G. W. & Francis, W. C. August 15, 1962.

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  • Main Title: Annual Progress Report on Fuel Element Development for FY 1962
  • Series Title: Fiscal Year 1962

Description

Activities in a project aimed at the improvement of fuel elements for high flux test reactors are reported. The investigation of new fuel compositions, distributions, and geometries is being undertaken to increase fuel life, to improve the flux distribution, and to provide a means of safely reaching higher reactor operating power and power density in these reactors. The effects of nuclear irradiation on the fuel and structural materials is being studied to predict the performance of these materials in more advanced reactor designs. A summary of the past year's progress is given and the fabrication and irradiation of samples containing up to 50 wt % U--Al alloys, cermets of UO/sub 2/, U/sub 3/O/ sub 8/, UC, UN, U/sub 3/Si, and Al, clad in various Al an d Be--Al materials is described. The use of ThO/sub 2/ and Th cores, the addition of BeO to cermet cores and high density fuei cores of U--Al intermetailics produced by powder metallurgy techniques were studied during the year. High strength APM claddings involving Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/ contents from 8 to 10% were tested and indicate the need for improved quality control of the APM material. Duplex claddings involving burnable poison layers and APM clad with corrosion resistant X8001 showed promise where special properties are desired. The results of the work continue to demonstrate the excellent radiation stability of U--Al fuels even after long irradiation exposure at elevated temperatures. Tests up to 350 deg F and after 50% burnup of the U/sup 235/ in U--Al alloys, show no appreciable dimensional or microstructure changes. UO/sub 2/ and U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ react with Al under radiation to form UAl/sub 4/. Tensile tests of these fuels at ambient temperatures show appreciable loss in ductility with irradiation; several compositions actually exhibiting zero ductility. Irradiation at temperatures up to 200 deg F of cold-worked and of heat-treated Al does not destroy the pre- irradiation hardness and strength of these materials. Computer optimization of fuel element geometries from the standpoint of heat transfer, hydraulics, and strength resulted in the design and fabrication of a 32-plate fuel element. Hydraulic tests produced favorable results and the element is ready for MTR testing. Future work stressing materials development will be directed toward extending U--Al fuels to use at 400 to 800 deg F. Continued studies on graded fuels, Be damage, and the Th--U/sup 233/ system are also planned. Tensile testing will be extended to higher temperatures in pre- and post-irradiation measurements and the study of the effect on cold worked and tempered materials of elevated temperature-radiation exposures will be continued. (auth)

Physical Description

Pages: 127

Source

  • Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-63

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Identifier

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  • Report No.: IDO-16799
  • Grant Number: AT(10-1)-205
  • DOI: 10.2172/4772687 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 4772687
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1059834

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • August 15, 1962

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Jan. 22, 2018, 7:23 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Jan. 31, 2018, 2:14 p.m.

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Gibson, G. W. & Francis, W. C. Annual Progress Report on Fuel Element Development for FY 1962, report, August 15, 1962; Idaho Falls, Idaho. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1059834/: accessed March 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.