Assessment of effectiveness of geologic isolation systems. ARRRG and FOOD: computer programs for calculating radiation dose to man from radionuclides in the environment Metadata

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  • Main Title Assessment of effectiveness of geologic isolation systems. ARRRG and FOOD: computer programs for calculating radiation dose to man from radionuclides in the environment


  • Author: Napier, B.A.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Roswell, R.L.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Kennedy, W.E. Jr.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Strenge, D.L.
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Name: Pacific Northwest Laboratory
    Place of Publication: Richland, Washington
    Additional Info: Battelle Pacific Northwest Labs., Richland, WA (USA)


  • Creation: 1980-06-01


  • English


  • Content Description: The computer programs ARRRG and FOOD were written to facilitate the calculation of internal radiation doses to man from the radionuclides in the environment and external radiation doses from radionuclides in the environment. Using ARRRG, radiation doses to man may be calculated for radionuclides released to bodies of water from which people might obtain fish, other aquatic foods, or drinking water, and in which they might fish, swim or boat. With the FOOD program, radiation doses to man may be calculated from deposition on farm or garden soil and crops during either an atmospheric or water release of radionuclides. Deposition may be either directly from the air or from irrigation water. Fifteen crop or animal product pathways may be chosen. ARRAG and FOOD doses may be calculated for either a maximum-exposed individual or for a population group. Doses calculated are a one-year dose and a committed dose from one year of exposure. The exposure is usually considered as chronic; however, equations are included to calculate dose and dose commitment from acute (one-time) exposure. The equations for calculating internal dose and dose commitment are derived from those given by the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) for body burdens and Maximum Permissible Concentration (MPC) of each radionuclide. The radiation doses from external exposure to contaminated farm fields or shorelines are calculated assuming an infinite flat plane source of radionuclides. A factor of two is included for surface roughness. A modifying factor to compensate for finite extent is included in the shoreline calculations.


  • Keyword: Body Burden
  • Keyword: Aquatic Organisms
  • Keyword: Animals
  • Keyword: Mammals
  • Keyword: Internal Irradiation
  • Keyword: Computer Calculations
  • Keyword: F Codes
  • Keyword: Waste Disposal
  • Keyword: Water
  • Keyword: Computer Codes
  • Keyword: Man
  • Keyword: Primates
  • Keyword: Geologic Deposits
  • Keyword: Plants
  • Keyword: Waste Management 560171* -- Radiation Effects-- Nuclide Kinetics & Toxicology-- Man-- (-1987)
  • Keyword: Crops
  • Keyword: Standards
  • Keyword: External Irradiation
  • STI Subject Categories: 054000 -- Nuclear Fuels-- Health & Safety
  • Keyword: Underground Disposal
  • Keyword: Radiation Doses
  • Keyword: Environmental Exposure Pathway
  • Keyword: Irradiation
  • Keyword: Safety Standards
  • STI Subject Categories: 63 Radiation, Thermal, And Other Environ. Pollutant Effects On Living Orgs. And Biol. Mat.
  • STI Subject Categories: 560161 -- Radionuclide Effects, Kinetics, & Toxicology-- Man
  • Keyword: Vertebrates
  • STI Subject Categories: 11 Nuclear Fuel Cycle And Fuel Materials
  • Keyword: Farms
  • Keyword: Soils
  • Keyword: Doses
  • Keyword: Dose Commitments
  • Keyword: Oxygen Compounds
  • Keyword: Radioactive Waste Disposal
  • Keyword: Management
  • Keyword: Radiation Protection
  • Keyword: Maximum Permissible Concentration
  • Keyword: Drinking Water
  • Keyword: Hydrogen Compounds
  • Keyword: A Codes
  • Keyword: Environment


  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI


  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Report


  • Text


  • Report No.: PNL-3180
  • Grant Number: AC06-76RL01830
  • DOI: 10.2172/5162624
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 5162624
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1058072


  • Display Note: NTIS, PC A10/MF A01.