The role of innovative remediation technologies Page: 2 of 16
This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided to Digital Library by the UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
The Role of Innovative Remediation Technologies
There are currently over 1,200 sites on the U.S. Superfund's National Priorities List (NPL)
of hazardous waste sites, and there are over 30,000 sites listed by the Comprehensive
Environmental Responsibility, Compensation and Liability Information System (CERCLS).
The General Accounting Office, the U.S. government's auditing arm. has estimated that the
CcRCLIS could contain an adoitionai 368.000 sites if a more comorenensive inventory.
were performed. There are even more sites that are candidates for cleanup if the
Department of Energy and Department of Defense were to perform comprehensive
inventories of candidate sites. This impressive list of potentially contaminated sites can be
contrasted with the 63 sites that the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has
declared completed to date.
The traditional approach to remediating sites in the U.S. has been to remove the material
and place it in a secure landfill, or in the case of groundwater, pump and treat the effluent.
These technologies have proven to be very expensive and don't really fix the problem.
The waste is just moved from one place to another.
In recent years, however, alternative and innovative technologies have been increasingly
used in the U.S. to replace the traditional approaches. This paper will focus on just such
innovative remediation technologies in the U.S., looking at the regulatory drivers, the
emerging technologies, some of the problems in deploying technologies, and a case
Reulatorv Back around
U.S. regulations designed to protect the environment were first enacted in 1963 with the
passage of the Clean Air Act. Over the ensuing decades, other regulations were passed
controlling waste-disposal activities, toxic substances, pesticides, and a myriad of other
specific concerns. Table 1 lists the more prominent regulations enacted in the U.S. in the
past three decades.
Clean Air Act (1963)
Federal Water Pollution Control Act (1972)
resource Recovery Act (1970i
Amendments to tie Clean Air Act (1970, '977, 1992??)
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (1976)
Toxic Substances Control Act (1976)
Occupation Safety and Health Act (1976)
Clean Water Act Amendments (1977-1990)
Comprenensive Environmental Responsibility, Compensation, and
Liability Act (1980)
Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (1984)
National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (1970/1977)
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (1986)
Such an impressive list of regulations shows an enduring interest in the environment, yet
there has been an apparent lack of progress in remediation. In response, U.S. agencies
Here’s what’s next.
This article can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Article.
Doesburg, J.M. The role of innovative remediation technologies, article, May 1, 1992; United States. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1056819/m1/2/: accessed March 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.