Aquifer thermal energy storage reference manual: seasonal thermal energy storage program Page: 31 of 99
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An ATES operator will have to acquire certain permits. Most states have
requirements related to well drilling, construction and abandonment. In
addition, a permit from a state agency or the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency under the Underground Injection Control (UIC) Program established by
the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974 will eventually be required. Final UIC
requirements for the well classification that is likely to include ATES wells
will probably not be issued for several years. An ATES operator may also need
to write an environmental impact statement.
A variety of legal, institutional and regulatory issues will occur at the
stage of heat or chill delivery. It may be difficult to find an investor-
owned entity that has sufficient economic incentive to construct and operate
an ATES delivery system. Consequently, the responsibility may fall to a pub-
lic body. A variety of other issues related to financing, rate setting, ser-
vice areas, taxation, and other areas will require resolution. These issues
are likely to be most complex for a residential district heating system.
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Prater, L.S. Aquifer thermal energy storage reference manual: seasonal thermal energy storage program, report, January 1, 1980; Richland, Washington. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1053829/m1/31/: accessed May 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.