Aquifer thermal energy storage reference manual: seasonal thermal energy storage program Page: 17 of 99
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2.0 AQUIFER THERMAL ENERGY STORAGE DEMONSTRATION PROGRAM
K. Fox, ATES Demonstration Program Manager
Pacific Northwest Laboratory
P.O. Box 999
Richland, WA 99352
(509) 376-0891 FTS 444-0891
The objective of the Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) Demonstration
Program is to demonstrate the commercial potential of the technology for
aquifer thermal energy storage. This program will stimulate the interest of
industry by demonstrating the feasibility of using an aquifer for thermal
energy storage, thereby reducing fossil fuel consumption, minimizing thermal
pollution, and significantly reducing utility capital investments required to
account for peak power requirements.
The ATES Demonstration Program consists of two parts:
Phase I - Conceptual Design. The purpose of this work is to develop site-
specific conceptual designs for aquifer thermal energy storage demonstration
systems. Phase I will include aquifer characterization.
Phase II - Final Design, Construction and Operation. The purpose of this
work is to implement ATES Demonstration projects selected from Phase I concep-
In response to a Request for Proposal (RFP), prospective contractors sub-
mitted proposals for Phase I work. These proposals have been evaluated and
contracts have been awarded to three firms: TRW, Incorporated; Dames & Moore;
and the University of Minnesota. These contractors will develop conceptual
designs for integrated systems containing the following elements: an energy
source, thermal transport, aquifer storage, and a practical application.
Aquifers will be characterized by geologic exploration and analysis of exist-
ing data. Functional design criteria will be developed for each subsystem and
for the integrated systems. From the functional design criteria and the
aquifer characterization reports, conceptual designs will be developed and
proposals submitted for continued work in Phase II. During Phase II, ATES
Demonstration Projects will be designed, constructed, and operated.
DATE ISSUED: SUPERSEDES PNL-3471 SECTION 2.0
August 1980 ISSUE DATED: New PAGE 1
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Prater, L.S. Aquifer thermal energy storage reference manual: seasonal thermal energy storage program, report, January 1, 1980; Richland, Washington. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1053829/m1/17/: accessed May 19, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.