A Cooperative Model for Preserving Historical Television News Context Page: 4
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Description Unit Cost Total
10,000 reels 16mm (50,000 $175/reel $1,750,000
segments, 2,500 hours)
13,000 video cassettes $35/tape $455,000
(260,000 segments, 18,000
219,000 pages (50,000 items) .30/page $65,700
360,000 metadata records $1/record $360,000
2,050,000 GB storage copy $200/TB $410,000
2,050,000 GB storage copy $200/TB
Total Estimated Cost $3,450,700
Table 2: NBC 5/KXAS Digitization Cost Estimates.
To date, over $500,000 has been raised to support this project, including a $275,000
donation from NBC 5/KXAS. It is expected that funding will come from diverse sources including
grants, foundation gift and personal donations. Additionally, revenues from digitization fee and
licensing,will contribute to our funding goal as well.
Current State of Archival Materials and Access to Footage
Access to the NBC 5/KXAS Archive is currently limited due to the fragility of the media
on which much of the collection has been recorded and the difficulty in navigating the indexing
tools to locate footage. Serious preservation concerns with the original media require all
audio/visual content to be digitized prior to playback because "Daily News" 16mm film reels
were stored for over 50 years in the basement of the new studio. This means that users may not
"screen" footage from the original film or video under an circumstances. Each film reel contains
multiple news stories which were aired together on a single day. Film from multiple camera
operators was manually spliced together to create the reel. Following its use in the daily news
the film was stored wound on its "core" with a strip of masking tape to secure it. While the
condition of the film itself is generally good, time must be spent with each reel to remove the
tape, inspect and repair all the splices, clean dust and debris from film and finally transfer the
film to a reel before it can be digitized.
Footage recorded on magnetic media is at a much greater risk of loss due to
degradation of the original media, especially % U-matic tape which is subject to "sticky shed
syndrome." Camera operators began the transition to video from film in 1976, and discontinued
the use of 16mm film by 1979. Video footage was compiled and edited in two different locations,
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Gieringer, Morgan Davis. A Cooperative Model for Preserving Historical Television News Context, paper, September 18, 2017; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1042582/m1/4/: accessed May 25, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Information.