CYCLING OF CESIUM-134 IN WHITE OAK TREES ON SITES OF CONTRASTING SOIL TYPE AND MOISTURE (thesis)

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The cycle of cesium-134 (2 mu c) in white oak trees on four sites differing soil type and moisture was followed. Gains, losses, and transfers were estimated by sampling from inoculated trees, understory, litter, and soil. With rapid translocation into leaves from initial trunk inoculations in the spring, white oak leaves contained 10/sup 5/ to 10/sup 6/ dpm per g dry weight by early June. This represented a total transfer of about 40% of the original input. From rains, loss from leaves continued throughout the growing season until September, by which time a total loss of 15% of the observed ... continued below

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Pages: 152

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Witherspoon, J. P., Jr.; Auerbach, S. I. & Olson, J. S. November 1, 1962.

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The cycle of cesium-134 (2 mu c) in white oak trees on four sites differing soil type and moisture was followed. Gains, losses, and transfers were estimated by sampling from inoculated trees, understory, litter, and soil. With rapid translocation into leaves from initial trunk inoculations in the spring, white oak leaves contained 10/sup 5/ to 10/sup 6/ dpm per g dry weight by early June. This represented a total transfer of about 40% of the original input. From rains, loss from leaves continued throughout the growing season until September, by which time a total loss of 15% of the observed maximum concentration in leaves had occurred. Approximately 70% of this rain-induced loss reached the mineral soil by September, the remainder located in litter and understory vegetation. Radiocesium transferred from trees via annual leaf fall was two times greater than the quantity exported by rain. With subsequent leaching over the winter months, the litter lost about half of its radiocesium to the mineral soil. Soils on wet sites had significantly greater percentages at lower depths down to 12 in. However, 92% of the total soil radiocesium remained in the top 4 in. on year and seven months after tree inoculation. A definite pattern of distribution, presumably related to rainleaching and stem flow, was found under tagged trees. 80% of the soil radiocesium was confined to the area within crown perimeters, and 19% occurred in a small area around the trunks. Total anaual loss of this radioisotope from inoculated trees was estimated at 19%. Results from analysis of four trees harvested at the end of the study indicated that estimates of radiocesium remaining in trees one year and seven months post inoculation were 13.3 plus or minus 3.0% high. Stable cesium determinations for soil horizons and white oak leaves showed that the amounts of Cs/sup 134/ involved in all stages of this experiment were very small compared to natural levels of cesium. (auth)

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Pages: 152

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  • Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-63

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  • Report No.: ORNL-3328
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-26
  • DOI: 10.2172/4767344 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 4767344
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1034734

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  • November 1, 1962

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  • Oct. 18, 2017, 7:39 a.m.

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  • Oct. 23, 2017, 12:26 p.m.

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Witherspoon, J. P., Jr.; Auerbach, S. I. & Olson, J. S. CYCLING OF CESIUM-134 IN WHITE OAK TREES ON SITES OF CONTRASTING SOIL TYPE AND MOISTURE (thesis), report, November 1, 1962; Oak Ridge, Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1034734/: accessed April 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.