Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students Page: 35
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2003; Keup, 2002; Nicholas, 1990; Smith & Wertlieb, 2005; Widdows & Hilton, 1990). Only
those who participated in the FES Part I were asked to participate in the FES Part II.
Variables of Interest
The independent variables for this quantitative study consisted of responses to the
Freshman Experience Survey (FES) Parts I and II in the areas of involvement on campus,
academic progress and relationships with faculty and students. Prior research, according to
Yazedijan and Toews (2006), showed "that non-cognitive variables are better predictors of
college adjustment than cognitive variables, particularly for ethnic minorities" (p. 11). The
dependent variable of attrition was measured by female Hispanic freshman students' enrollment
status from the fall semester of 2008 to the 2009 spring semester at TWU.
Data from the Part I of the FES was collected using a custom written, Web-based
application. The data were securely collected and stored in an Oracle database. Third normal
form was used to streamline the database architecture for efficient management and rapid and
reliable analysis. Excel and SPSS were used to perform the descriptive analysis and correlation
analysis. These analyses were used in this research to determine the extent to which certain
factors (involvement on campus, relationships with faculty and students and academic progress)
influenced attrition for first-time-in-college Hispanic female students at TWU. This type of
analysis was used in this study to identify the most useful independent variables in influencing
Correlation, according to Hinkle, Wiersma, and Jurs (2003) is a "widely used analytical
procedures in the behavioral sciences" (p. 115) and allows a quantitative examination of the
relationship between variables. Understanding the extent to which variables relate to one another
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Speed, Heather Faye. Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students, dissertation, August 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103396/m1/46/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .