Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students Page: 34
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expectations influenced early freshman year attrition. Nicholas (1990), Widdows and Hilton
(1990), Gerdes and Mallinckrodt (1994), Keup (2002), and Najera (2007) used this approach to
explore attrition issues. This survey approach was designed to obtain information from a
specific group at a given time and yield information of interest on the group's responses and not
that of the individuals participating in the survey. The information of interest was that of the
group and not the individual level of data.
Approval for this study was obtained from both the University of North Texas' and Texas
Woman's University's Institutional Review Boards. Data for this study were provided by Texas
Woman's University's Information Technology Services in the form of Microsoft Excel
spreadsheets. The data consisted of survey responses from the FES Part I and II. Institutional
records were used to obtain the enrollment status of each participant for the spring semester.
Part I of the FES was administered online during TWU's freshman orientation program the
summer prior to these students' first semester in fall 2008. The students completed the survey
prior to registering for fall classes, which allowed all students attending orientation to participate
in the survey. Since this portion of the survey was administered prior to the fall semester, some
of the participants who completed surveys did not attend TWU in the fall semester.
Part II of the FES was administered to the students who participated in Part I of the FES
in three ways: (1) electronically to all who participated in Part I of the FES, (2) delivered by the
university's housing staff to those who lived on-campus in a hard copy version, and (3) mailed to
those who lived off-campus. Part II of the survey was distributed 10 weeks into the semester
based on indications from previous research that this time period is a critical one for decision
making regarding continuing college (Astin, 1999; Gerdes & Mallinckrodt, 1994; Immerwahr,
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Speed, Heather Faye. Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students, dissertation, August 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103396/m1/45/: accessed April 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .