Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students Page: 25
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Kimura-Walsh et al. (2009) studied survey responses from counselors, teachers, parents
and almost 500 high school students in the Los Angeles area to gain better insight to the college
preparation provided to specifically, Hispanic females. What the researchers found was that the
Hispanic female students were heavily reliant on the information provided to them by their high
school. Latinas' parents were supportive and encouraged a college education, but had little
specific information they could provide. Due to the overwhelming workload of the counselors
and teachers, these professionals were limited in their time to advise and mentor students, much
less Latinas who could have greatly benefitted from their guidance and expertise. Students were
left to make decisions on their own or with familial help. Again, many of the Latinas did not
have parents with intimate knowledge of college or the college admittance process and were
limited in their ability to be effective.
Research shows that the more engaged a student is, the more the student gets out of their
college experience and that involvement on campus should begin early in the first year (Astin,
1999; Gordon, Ludlum, & Huey, 2006; Kuh, Shuh, Whitt, & Kinzie, 2005; Pascarella &
Terenzini, 1991). Engagement includes involvement in activities such as student organizations,
building relationships with faculty and students, intramural sports and learning communities. To
the extent that attrition is a concern, student engagement into college life should be an area the
institution examines closely. Astin (1999) stated that universities would have higher retention
rates and robust alumni when students are highly involved. Pascarella and Terenzini (1991), as
cited by Reason, Terenzini, and Domingo (2007), found that "the impact of college is largely
determined by individual effort and involvement in the academic, interpersonal, and
extracurricular offerings on a campus" (p. 602). Unfortunately, according to Horwedel (2007),
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Speed, Heather Faye. Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students, dissertation, August 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103396/m1/36/: accessed February 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .