Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students Page: 22
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ethnic group to attend a four-year institution (Admon, 2004). In 2003 the Hispanic student
population made up only 9.5% of all college students and only 6.6% of the four-year institution
enrollment (Schmidt, 2003). According to Swail et al. (2003), only 53% of the Hispanic
population met the requirements for attendance at a four year institution, while 68% of Whites
qualified. Students experience difficulties transferring from high school to college presumably
and partially from inadequate training in both the high schools and colleges to educate their
students to ensure the preparedness and understanding of the realities of college (Smith &
Hispanic Female Student
Hispanic female college students are of particular interest as there has been little research
done on this group as compared to other ethnicities (Cerna, Perez, & Sanchez, 2009; Sy &
Romero, 2008). As stated earlier in this study, Hispanic females are now the largest minority
group of females in the United States (U.S.) and are the least likely of any group of females in
the U. S. to complete a bachelor's degree (Murdoch, 2009). It is also important to study
Hispanic females separate from Hispanic males as Latinas face unique barriers (Schwartz, 2001).
The studies below illustrate the difficulties and obstacles Hispanic females must overcome in
order to obtain a college degree.
Jackson (2000) examined students' expectations of the benefits of a college education in
regards to job attainment. Hispanic female students stood out among all others in the study as
Latinas demonstrated much less "faith" in the benefits of a college education. Jackson pointed
out three possible reasons for this lack of faith: (1) low college completion rates of Hispanic
females, (2) a college education for Latinas may be "de-emphasized" and "devalued" and (3) a
lack of mentors and role models for this population. With these assumptions, Jackson stated that
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Speed, Heather Faye. Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students, dissertation, August 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103396/m1/33/: accessed January 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .