Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students Page: 20
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Ishitani (2006) also found in his research that Hispanic students are not as successful in
college as other ethnic groups. Ishitani tracked 4427 students enrolled in college between 1991
and 1994 to the year 2000. By 2000, 2,256 (51%) had graduated, but only 40 % of the Hispanic
population graduated from college, while 71% of White students graduated. Hispanic students
are at a higher risk of not graduating than any other ethnicity. According to Ishitani, barriers that
make being successful in college more difficult include low expectations by family, low
expectations of self and low family income.
Rather than examining a random population, Zalaquett (2006) took a different approach
and deliberately selected twelve Hispanic 'success stories" to better understand what obstacles
these twelve students had to overcome and why they succeeded while the majority of the
Hispanic student population did not. Zalaquett studied a small population, twelve successful
Hispanic students, in a large urban university and the negative factors that impeded their college
experience. The principle negative factors were a, "lack of strong adult supervision,
misinformation about college requirements, and choice of less successful options", i.e., not
applying for financial aid and scholarships, not taking challenging academic courses in high
school (Zalaquett, 2006, p. 36). Zalaquett also identified eight factors that negatively contributed
to these students' college experience: "family, education, responsibility to others, sense of
accomplishment, friendship, scholarship, community support, and school personnel" (p. 35).
When making decision about college, these students received minimal guidance and information
from their parents or from school personnel. They had misinformation about financial aid,
scholarships, deadlines and application requirements. With this information these students made
poor choices finding themselves inadequately prepared for their college experience. These 12
Hispanic students represent a success story for Hispanic students and how a student, committed
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Speed, Heather Faye. Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students, dissertation, August 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103396/m1/31/: accessed February 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .