Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students Page: 19
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preparations and performance of these students. It may also provide useful information to
institutions of higher education on what colleges and universities can do to be more helpful to
first-year students, possibly reducing early first-year attrition.
Retention of Hispanic Students
Because of this research's focus on attrition, the area of the retention of Hispanic students
is explored by examining the barriers Hispanics students face in higher education. As seen in the
research provided above, expectations of first-year students and the lack of those expectations
becoming reality is a concern for all first-year students. Hispanic students not only experience
the unrealistic expectations as other students do, but also barriers, unique to Hispanics, that
hamper their success in higher education (Fry, 2003; Ishitani, 2006; Jackson, 2000; Martinez,
2003; McGlynn, 2004; Seidman, 2005; Zalaquett 2006). These barriers include issues such as
minimal community support, low family income, low educational expectations, misinformation
about college costs and requirements, and a sense of financial responsibility to family. Hispanic
females have additional barriers which include responsibility to family, cultural expectations of
the "proper" role for females, minimal engagement, and low educational expectations are
especially high (Horwedel, 2007).
Ream (2003) studied 25,000 high school Hispanic students on the west coast and their
lack of social capital, that is, "relationship networks from which an individual is potentially able
to derive various types of support via social exchange" (p. 238). Ream stated this lack of social
capital leads to underachievement in higher education. Ream found that due to the high
mobility of this population and lack of attention or guidance by school personnel, Hispanics have
less access to social capital to help them succeed in getting into college, much less graduating
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Reference the current page of this Dissertation.
Speed, Heather Faye. Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students, dissertation, August 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103396/m1/30/: accessed July 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .