Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students Page: 2
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Speed, Heather Faye. Early predictors of early freshman year attrition in female Hispanic
students. Doctor of Education (Higher Education), August 2011, 95 pp., 30 tables, 3 figures,
references, 74 titles.
The Texas Hispanic population is projected to grow to 18.8 million, almost tripling its
number within the state, in only 30 years. This rapid growth is a concern for Texas higher
education because this group has traditionally been under-represented in colleges and
universities. Also, according to national, state, and local data, Hispanic students are retained at a
lower rate than are other ethnic groups. Because of lower retention rates for Hispanic students
and because the majority of Hispanic college students are female, an increasing number of
Hispanic women are heads of households. Studying the attrition rates of Hispanic females could
provide a better understanding of how the state can improve both the participation and retention
rates of this population.
This study utilized descriptive statistics and regression analysis to identify the
correlations between and among the dependent variable of attrition and independent variables
derived from (1) pre-college survey responses measuring college expectations and (2) early-first
semester survey responses measuring actual college experience. Institutional data were used to
confirm enrollment status at the beginning of the second semester. The sample of the study was
all female, full-time, first-time-in college student survey respondents attending a public 4-year
institution in Texas. This number included Hispanic females (n = 176), Caucasian females (n =
278), and African American females (n = 209). Although not a focus of the study, Caucasian
and African American females were included to enhance the understanding of Hispanic females'
responses. The dependent variable of attrition in college attendance for Hispanic females
correlated negatively with each two independent variables: (1) joining one or more campus
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Speed, Heather Faye. Early Predictors of Early Freshman Year Attrition in Female Hispanic Students, dissertation, August 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103396/m1/2/: accessed March 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .