Oh G-d, A Borderline: Clinical Diagnostics As Fundamental Attribution Error Page: 4
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
sometimes individuals behave similarly across situations and sometimes they do not (Mischel,
1973). This parallels a behavioral explanation that describes interplay between a person's history
of reinforcement and the present environment (Skinner, 1976). Likewise, the notion of reciprocal
determinism, proposed by Albert Bandura, implicates the role of both personality and
environmental factors in determining behavior and that the interplay between those variables in
each moment is reciprocally causal (Bandura, 1986). That is, how past events have shaped
personality affect how one responds to the present environment and that interaction then affects
future personality development (Bandura, 1986). That the environment in which behavior occurs
intimately alters the development and expression of what are often considered dispositional
personality factors has not escaped many approaches to the study of psychology. Yet, it is
alarming that the diagnostic system fails to fully account for this notion, despite its
acknowledgment by many theoretical approaches. As such, this study considers this disparity
through the lens of social psychology's idea of the power of situations.
What most psychotherapists are interested in Szasz calls "problems in living" (Szasz,
1960), which are normally-occurring conflicts that result from being a human involved in human
dynamics. Szasz takes the stance that the indictment of "mental illness" as cause of these
problems is amoral and as problematic as blaming witchcraft and demons for human struggles
(Szasz, 1960). The emphasis on internal illness was perhaps a useful convenience at some point
but leads us to miss the broader contextual circumstance of being a human being in favor of a
myth that life would be satisfying and pleasant should "mental illness" or "psychopathology" be
eradicated (Szasz, 1960).
Although developers of the upcoming DSM- V are taking into consideration the idea of
dimensional modeling, their focus remains on symptoms, not underlying function (Regier,
Here’s what’s next.
This thesis can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Thesis.
Schmalz, Jonathan. Oh G-d, A Borderline: Clinical Diagnostics As Fundamental Attribution Error, thesis, December 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103389/m1/10/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .