Effect of Rancher’s Management Philosophy, Grazing Practices, and Personal Characteristics on Sustainability Indices for North Central Texas Rangeland Page: 84
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grazing system where, pasture was synonymous with paddock, as continuous, rotation with 4 or
fewer paddocks, rotation with 4 to 8 paddocks, rotation with more than 8 paddocks or other (M=
2.28, SD = 1.124). The results indicate that 69% of respondents implemented some form of
rotational grazing (4- 2).
In section 3 extremes for skewness and kurtosis were -1.51 to 6.053 and -2.015 to
25.911 respectively, thereby indicating non-normal data.
Frequency f Response Question "3.1" Characteristics of Grazing System
Grazing System Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent
Continuous 36 29.3 31.0 31.0
Rotation- 4 or fewer paddocks 32 26.0 27.6 58.6
Rotation - 4-8 paddocks 29 23.6 25.0 83.6
Rotation- 8 or more paddocks 17 13.8 14.7 98.3
Other 2 1.6 1.7 100.0
Total 116 94.3 100.0
Missing 7 5.7
Total 123 100.0
In section 4, "Land Health", the question with the highest level of agreement was
"4.8.15", "Wild Hogs" (M= 1.34, SD = 0.791). This indicated that wild hogs are certainly on
the increase, with 76.4% of respondents reporting as such. The question was question with the
lowest level of agreement was "4.0.4", "Bare ground can be seen in some areas of my
grazinglands" (M= 4.55, SD = 0.791) standard deviation was 1.867. Kurtosis and skewness
varied widely. Data were not considered normally distributed.
In section 5, "Quality of Life", kurtosis associated with question "5.3.1" (M= 0.96, SD =
0.624), was noticeable due to its high value: 74.205. The question asked respondents to check
this box if they themselves were involved in the decision making of the ranch. This high
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Becker, Wayne. Effect of Rancher’s Management Philosophy, Grazing Practices, and Personal Characteristics on Sustainability Indices for North Central Texas Rangeland, dissertation, December 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103289/m1/95/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .