Effect of Rancher’s Management Philosophy, Grazing Practices, and Personal Characteristics on Sustainability Indices for North Central Texas Rangeland Page: 46
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about the environment, global ecosystems, and a sustaining future for natural lands. This survey
reflects and increasing national and international interest in public concern over irreversible
environmental degradation and depletion of finite natural resource reserves.
Sydorovych and Wossink (2008) identified sustainability for agricultural systems in
terms of economics, internal social, external social and ecological. As did Calker et al. (2005),
when identifying and ranking dairy farm sustainability. A brief overview of these three
sustainability issues for U.S. rangelands follows:
Beginning with social concerns related to rangeland in the U.S., Mazcko and Hidinger.
(2008) point out that we have moved from a primitive society prior to the year, 1700, to a much
more complex society by 1970. Originally, land was synonymous with life. It provided the
basics for life, food from plants and animals, shelter, and water. Now, we have evolved as a
society to a point where the rangeland is viewed as providing
1. Value of open space, where livestock are to be used as an ecosystem management tool
2. Water for functioning riparian systems, protecting endangered species
3. Private lands as natural capital society desires sustainable management of rangelands
Economically, it is noted that tangible and intangible products are currently derived from
rangeland, providing a diverse array of economic and social benefits. Commodities, such as
forage for livestock, wildlife habitat, water, minerals, energy, recreational opportunities, some
wood products, and plant and animal genes, are important economic goods. Rangelands also
produce intangible products such as natural beauty and wilderness that satisfy important societal
values and that can be as economically important as more tangible commodities (Buckhouse et
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Becker, Wayne. Effect of Rancher’s Management Philosophy, Grazing Practices, and Personal Characteristics on Sustainability Indices for North Central Texas Rangeland, dissertation, December 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103289/m1/57/: accessed February 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .