Effect of Rancher’s Management Philosophy, Grazing Practices, and Personal Characteristics on Sustainability Indices for North Central Texas Rangeland Page: 45
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function, and integrity of biotic community. Instead their sole focus is on the condition of the
Environmental restoration is possible through livestock manipulation. Dagget (1995) and
Sayre (2001, 2002 and 2005) explain the process in detail. However, ecological processes do
not necessarily return if livestock grazing is curtailed or eliminated (Butterfield et al., 2006).
Focusing on good land management, as opposed to strictly livestock production allows a
landowner to adjust the presence or absence of livestock as well as a grazing time and intensity
level that is beneficial for plant health and diversity (Mowry, 2007). Elimination of grazing does
not provide an acceptable alternative because it does not maintain ecological balance or function.
When properly utilized, grazing can be a useful tool to promote range health. Proper grazing
practices will help maintain vegetation that is conducive to soil retention and even will even be
beneficial to wildlife habitat. "When the livestock management system is superimposed on the
landscape, it can exacerbate or reduce the effects of variability in the natural system" (Pickup
and Stafford-Smith, 1993).
Sustainable Range Management
Ecological systems and processes provide the biological interactions underlying
ecosystem health and viability. Socio-economic infrastructures and processes serve as the
context in which rangeland use and management occurs and rangeland health improves or
deteriorates. These systems and processes interact across time and space. Integration of
ecological and socio-economic processes within a conceptual framework provides a holistic
means for "seeing through the complexity to the underlying structures generating change"
A recent analysis of the United States' natural resource trends by Cordell and Overdevest
(2001) reports that an overwhelming majority of survey respondents indicate they care deeply
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Becker, Wayne. Effect of Rancher’s Management Philosophy, Grazing Practices, and Personal Characteristics on Sustainability Indices for North Central Texas Rangeland, dissertation, December 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103289/m1/56/: accessed April 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .