Effect of Rancher’s Management Philosophy, Grazing Practices, and Personal Characteristics on Sustainability Indices for North Central Texas Rangeland Page: 36
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survival is necessary for retaining ownership. To survive, a ranch must produce a profit in most
years and in years when losses occur, they must not be of sufficient magnitude to eliminate the
ranch owner's net worth. Over the long term then, the goal of firm survival requires that the
rancher also achieve the goals of obtaining profits and avoiding catastrophic losses. Generally,
the land is used to produce a product or service for which current markets exist, even if the
process results in irreversible degradation of the resource (Conner, 1991).
Publicly owned grazing land is characterized by its intended role in meeting non-market
goals of conservation, preservation and equity of opportunity to enjoy unique recreational and
aesthetic experiences. Dual use is common, with grazing being the major economical use
applied. The role of grazing management is expanded to include facilitating many simultaneous
but different land uses and users and usually amounts to keeping livestock from damaging the
resource or from impinging on the other uses and users (Conner, 1991)
Economic Benefits of Grazing Management Strategies
The desired result derived from grazing management varies depending on one's view of
acceptable ecosystem use. As sophisticated institutions are established and expanded knowledge
bases are developed, more complex livestock production practices are adopted, such as those
incorporating use of supplemental feeds and cultivated forages, feed grains in finishing yards and
grazing systems. Desired results of rangeland ecosystem use are a function of many social
factors of which economics is usually dominant (Conner, 1991). Grazing patterns are rarely
spatially uniform and extrinsic economic factors vary through time in ways which are not under
the control of the individual manager (Pickup and Stafford-Smith, 1993).
The Effect of Number of Animals on Economic Goals
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Becker, Wayne. Effect of Rancher’s Management Philosophy, Grazing Practices, and Personal Characteristics on Sustainability Indices for North Central Texas Rangeland, dissertation, December 2011; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc103289/m1/47/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .