PRODUCTION OF TRITIUM BY CONTAINED NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS IN SALT: I. LABORATORY STUDIES OF ISOTOPIC EXCHANGE OF TRITIUM IN THE HYDROGEN-WATER SYSTEM

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The results of all exchange experiments suggest that tritium produced by a contained nuclear explosion wiil be mixed with environmental water. Tritium exchange in the reaction HTO + H/sub 2/ in equilibrium HT + H/sub 2/O was catalyzed at 600 deg C by a number of oxygenated salts that occur in salt formations. Calcium sulfate was the best catalyst, with values as high as 49 and 77% with pure CaSO/sub 4/ and Drierite, respectively. in deep bed tests. Even under diffusion-controlled conditions, where reactant gases were passed over fine powders of CaSO/sub 4/, exchanges were as high as 26% for ... continued below

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Pages: 20

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Bond, W.D. December 1, 1962.

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The results of all exchange experiments suggest that tritium produced by a contained nuclear explosion wiil be mixed with environmental water. Tritium exchange in the reaction HTO + H/sub 2/ in equilibrium HT + H/sub 2/O was catalyzed at 600 deg C by a number of oxygenated salts that occur in salt formations. Calcium sulfate was the best catalyst, with values as high as 49 and 77% with pure CaSO/sub 4/ and Drierite, respectively. in deep bed tests. Even under diffusion-controlled conditions, where reactant gases were passed over fine powders of CaSO/sub 4/, exchanges were as high as 26% for residence times of 50 sec. Sodium chloride had no effect. At high temperatures in a plasma jet, with D/sub 2/ as a stand-in for T/sub 2/, exchange was very rapid. For 90 msec residence time and a D/sub 2//H/sub 2/O feed ratio of 1.3, 53% of the water hydrogen exchanged with deuterium. (auth)

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Pages: 20

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  • Other Information: Orig. Receipt Date: 31-DEC-63

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  • Report No.: ORNL-3334
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-26
  • DOI: 10.2172/4758956 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 4758956
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1027122

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • December 1, 1962

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  • Oct. 18, 2017, 7:39 a.m.

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  • Oct. 23, 2017, 1:56 p.m.

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Bond, W.D. PRODUCTION OF TRITIUM BY CONTAINED NUCLEAR EXPLOSIONS IN SALT: I. LABORATORY STUDIES OF ISOTOPIC EXCHANGE OF TRITIUM IN THE HYDROGEN-WATER SYSTEM, report, December 1, 1962; Oak Ridge, Tennessee. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1027122/: accessed November 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.