A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps. Page: 76 of 493
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58 A HISTORY OF VERONA
district. Ezzelino was driven to submit and reluctantly admitted
the friar, who speedily effected a reconciliation between
the two parties. He induced Ezzelino himself, the PodestA,
and fifteen of the Montecchi and Quattuorviginti to swear to
obey him, and then had Rizardo di S. Bonifacio restored to
Verona. The citizens in gratitude placed Fra Giovanni at the
head of every branch of the government, electing him Duz,1
Podesta of the Commune and Rector of the Communanza.
Almost the first act of the new ruler was to display his zeal
for orthodoxy by publicly burning sixty heretics of both sexes
belonging to the oldest Veronese families, though this was
contrary to the statutes of the Commune. On 5th August the
excommunication was removed from Ezzelino and his followers.
Meanwhile great preparations were being made to celebrate
the reconciliation of the cities of the Mark by an assembly at
Paquara, a little village on the Adige, some four miles below
On the appointed day, 28th August, immense crowds
streamed to the meeting-place from the surrounding cities.
The multitude is said to have numbered 400,000. They were of
all ages and both sexes, and many came barefoot in imitation of
the friar. Many cities sent their carrocci, the triumphal cars
which bore the standards of the Communes in battle. A
very high wooden pulpit had been erected, and from this Fra
Giovanni preached a sermon of great eloquence and force on
the text: " My peace I give unto you". At the end he announced
that the da Romano and the Marquises of Este had
been reconciled, and that in token of this Adelarta, the only
and dearly beloved daughter of Alberico da Romano, was
to be married to Rinaldo, son of the Marquis Azzo VII.
Then, as it were, by an afterthought, the friar added that
the Paduans had at last consented to confer their citizenship
on Ezzelino. The immediate effect of this sermon was
marvellous. Bearded men burst into tears, and the bitterest
foes embraced. In a few days, however, this outburst of
1 The title of Dux had long fallen into disuse in this part of Italy. Gittermann
(op. cit., p. 34) suggests that it was revived in hopes of giving Fra
Giovanni more control over the nobles, especially those of the district.
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Allen, A. M. A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps., book, 1910; New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1025/m1/76/: accessed November 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .