A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps. Page: 71 of 493
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RISE OF EZZELINO DA ROMANO 53
all classes. A second reconciliation was patched up between
him and Rizardo di S. Bonifacio.' Ezzelino did not hold the
Podestaship for more than the customary year, but on retiring
he engineered the appointment of one of his adherents, a
Brescian named Bonifacio da Realdesco. But his hopes of
retaining control of Veronese affairs through Bonifacio were
fated to be disappointed. The populace found themselves no
better off than they had been before the revolution of 1225, the
concessions which had been made to them were illusory, and
they were still excluded from all real share in the government
Early in September, 1227, therefore, they rose again, drove out
Bonifacio and replaced him as Podesta by a candidate of their
own. They then formed themselves into a regular organisation,
which was known as the Communanza, and like the
Parte Guelfa at Florence was a state within a state. Its members
possessed the right of making their own statutes, and the
still more important privilege of assembling in arms; they were
withdrawn almost entirely from the control of the officials of
the Commune, being governed by their own Rector and other
officers, whom they probably elected. Under their first Rector,
a certain Zuliano Osterio, the Communanza reached such a
height of power that it was able to dictate several new statutes,2
and men of low birth were admitted to important positions in
the government. Maurisius, indeed, goes so far as to assert that
nothing was done in Verona at this time without Zuliano's permission.3
Had this extraordinary organisation survived, there
is little doubt that the whole subsequent course of Veronese
history would have been altered, and that the city would have
remained a republic, but when the interests of the Communanza
clashed with those of such a masterful character as
Maurisius is the only one favourable to Ezzelino. He is in some respects an
excellent authority, having been an eye-witness of many of the scenes he describes,
but he does not relate events in strict chronological sequence, and it is
impossible to regard his testimony as impartial because he hoped to receive
money from Ezzelino and Alberico in return for his panegyric of their achievements.
1C. Cipolla, Relazionifra Verona e Mantova, Doc. No. 19, p. 38-9.
No. 264-82 of the L. J. C. V. The last three define the rights of the members
of the Communanza.
s R. I. S., vol. viii. p. 29.
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Allen, A. M. A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps., book, 1910; New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1025/m1/71/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .