A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps. Page: 66 of 493
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48 A HISTORY OF VERONA
centre of gravity of the state to the west of Lake Garda and
Ezzelino, then, is hardly to be reckoned among the mediaeval
Italian despots, but in many respects he was their direct forerunner,
and his dominion served to point out the path to power
to many of the later tyrants. Most of all was this the case at
Verona, where the Scaligeri would never have succeeded in
establishing their dynasty so quickly, if Ezzelino's long reign
had not smoothed the way for them by obliterating all habit
of self-government. For with one or two short intervals Verona
was subject to Ezzelino for over thirty years, from his
first Podestaship in 1226 till his death in 1259. His rule may
be divided into three periods. In the first, which lasted from
1226 to 1232, Verona was the only city of any importance
subject to Ezzelino, and even there he did not hold the supreme
power continuously; he governed through existing institutions,
especially the Podestaship, and his sympathies were on the
whole with the anti-Imperial party. The second period dates
from Ezzelino's conversion to the Imperial side in I232, and
may be taken as ending in 1244, when he was first appointed
Vicar of the Trevisan Mark. During these years he subjugated
nearly the whole of the Mark, but he always remained subordinate
to the Emperor and dependent on his support, both
moral and material. In the third period, Ezzelino's power was
at its zenith. His territories reached their widest extent, including
Feltre and Belluno on the east, and Brescia on the
west; his power in his own dominions was as absolute as that
of the most tyrannical of the later despots, while first the concession
of the right to appoint to the Vicariate of the Trevisan
Mark, and later the death of Frederic II., freed him from the
last vestige of subordination to the Empire, so that he was
completely independent of any external power.
The ancestors of Ezzelino III. are said by Rolandinus,1 to
Rolandinus was a Paduan notary, who died in 1276. He wrote a history
of the da Romano family, and more especially of Ezzelino III. and his doings
in Padua. He was a bitter opponent of Ezzelino III. His Chronicle has been
printed by Muratori, R. I. S., vol. viii. p. x69, and more recently in the Monu.
menta Germaniae Historica, vol xix. p. 32.
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Allen, A. M. A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps., book, 1910; New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1025/m1/66/: accessed August 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .