A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps. Page: 61 of 493
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THE SELF-GOVERNING COMMUNE 43
for thirty years with Milan, Brescia, Mantua, Vercelli, Novara,
Treviso and Como.1 In the following autumn the Veronese
and Trevisans made a separate agreement to support and help
each other, an agreement which it was stated was to last
fifty years.2 In June, 1 I98, Verona, Mantua and Ferrara made
peace, and settled all the questions at issue between the three
states.3 It is true that next year there was a fresh outbreak of
war between Verona and Mantua, but the Veronese troops won
a decisive victory at the head of the bridge which crosses the
Mantuan lagoon, and after this hostilities came to a standstill,
and in I202 the Veronese and Mantuans made another treaty,
in which they swore to remain at peace with one another for
ever.4 As a matter of fact this treaty inaugurated a close
friendship between Veronese and Mantuans which lasted almost
unbroken for more than a century, and survived the change from
republic to signoria in both cities, and the substitution of the
dynasty of the Gonzaghi for that of the Bonaccolsi at Mantua.
Two years later the Veronese came to an agreement with
their neighbours in the upper valley of the Adige, Odorico, Lord
of Arco, and Conrad, Bishop of Trent. Odorico's possessions
lay at the northern end of Lake Garda, while the boundaries
of Verona and of the Bishopric of Trent met at Ala. Lying
thus on the borders of Germany and Italy, Trent was sometimes
included in one country, sometimes in the other; was now under
the German Imperial Chancellor, now under the Italian. To
this day the inhabitants show traces of these mingled influences,
in language, appearance and manners, and their true nationality
and the origin of the town are still vexed questions. Trent was
always regarded by the Veronese rulers with covetous eyes, but
only one ever succeeded in subduing her, and that for but a few
years. With this one exception Trent continued to enjoy independence
under the rule of her own Prince-Bishop till long
after Verona had ceased to exist as a separate state.
In spite of their numerous alliances with other cities, the Veronese
in the time of the Commune were almost always at
'C. Cipolla, N. A. V., vol. xv. p. 320.
Ibid., p. 332. Ibid., p. 324.
C. Cipolla, Relasionifra tVrona c Mantova, p. 5.
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Allen, A. M. A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps., book, 1910; New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1025/m1/61/: accessed April 30, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .