A History of Verona Page: 59 of 493
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THE SELF-GOVERNING COMMUNE 41
concerned with the procedure to be followed in disputes between
the merchants of the two cities, is stated to have been
negotiated on the part of Verona by a Consul of the Merchants,
a Consul of the Commune, and three merchants. The fact that
the name of the Consul of the Merchants precedes that of the
official of the Commune is, as Cipolla has pointed out,' a remarkable
proof of the important position,occupied by their Art.
In 1192 another commercial treaty was made with Venice, and
though in this Verona was only represented by the Consuls of
the Commune, it is expressly stated that the treaty had previously
received the approval of the Consuls of the Merchants
and their Council. This later treaty was based on that of
1107, the list of duties in which remained the foundation of
future agreements for centuries to come, but many new clauses
were added. The Veronese swore not to conspire in any way
to injure Venetian trade, and never to refuse to pay the duty
on salt. This is the earliest mention of this tax. The two
cities agreed to keep the Adige open and safe for traffic, the
Veronese being responsible as far as Cavarzere (though their
territory stopped many miles short of this town) and pledging
themselves to make good within twenty days any damage done
above that point to the person or property of Venetians. A
year later, the Podesta of Verona, Guglielmo da Osa, and the
Doge of Venice, Enrico Dandolo, made another compact concerning
legal procedure in disputes arising between Veronese
and Venetians.2 If any one was sued by a citizen of the other
State and failed to appear when cited, the action went against
him by default. If robbery had been committed and the fact
was c"notorious," i.e., known beyond possibility of doubt, the
injured man had only to take an oath to that effect, and his
loss was made good at once. If the robbery were not notorious,
the man accused of having committed it had the option of
clearing himself by oath. Venetian creditors were forbidden
to seize pledges from their Veronese debtors without permission
from the authorities; this prohibition of course applied equally
to Veronese creditors, and must have put an end to a great
deal of violence and injustice. The agreement also contains a
1 Verona, p. 128. 2 Pacta, vol. ii. f. 32t.
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Allen, A. M. A History of Verona, book, 1910; New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1025/m1/59/: accessed May 27, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .