A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps. Page: 58 of 493
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40 A HISTORY OF VERONA
in 1173 the Podesta of Verona, Giberto delle Carceri, collected
sworn testimony as to the duties paid at the various gates of
Verona. Three years later the result of this investigation was
made public. It received the approval of the Concio, and
though never included in the statutes, became law under the
title of Breve Recti Mercati Veronae.' The witnesses enter into
minute detail, and it is not always possible to reconcile their
statements, but a certain number of interesting facts can be
gleaned from the document The duties varied very much
from gate to gate, and were paid to several different authorities,
but apparently all merchandise, by whatever gate it entered,
paid twopence a load to the officials of the Commune, with the
exception of corn and wood, which only paid a penny. At
the Porta S. Stefano the viscount and the bishop's advocate
each exacted an additional halfpenny on every waggon. Franks
bringing pots had to give one out of every load to the viscount,
and if they sold all their pots, another to the bishop. Germans
paid a toll of fivepence a load, and Italians from other cities
twelvepence if they came in at the Porta S. Zenone. Pilgrims,
however, might bring in garments and provisions free of duty,
while the men from certain neighbouring villages, Belfiore,
Calavena, Caldiero, had succeeded in securing exemption from
all tolls. Every load of salt, however, beside the usual twopence
to the city, paid one third of a sack to the Count and another
third to a certain man named Aciri. In 1184 the regulations
about salt were modified. Special clauses were added to prevent
the exaction of more than the legal tolls, the officials of
the Commune stating precisely the maximum that might be demanded
from one cart, and offering to make good any loss which
through this reform might fall upon hitherto privileged persons.
It has already been noted that the treaty of 107 was not
sworn to by any officials of the Commune, but by a certain
number of private citizens as representatives of the rest. But
the second treaty with Venice,2 which dates from 1175, and is
For all this see the address by C. Cipolla, N. A. V., vol. x. p. 405. In the
very valuable notes he prints both the sworn testimony of 1173 (p. 471) and the
decree of 1176 (p. 474).
2 Printed by C. Cipolla, N. A. V., vol. x. pp. 48I-82.
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Allen, A. M. A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps., book, 1910; New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1025/m1/58/: accessed March 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .