A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps. Page: 51 of 493
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34 A HISTORY OF VERONA
The post was held by a layman, but the selection of that layman
was entrusted not to any of the officials, or the public
assemblies, but to the " spiritual and religious" men of the city.
All moneys received by the Commune came eventually into
the hands of the treasurer, though the actual work of collection
was done by the official collectors of taxes and tolls, or the
two stimatori, or valuers, whose business it was to sell the
goods of the Commune's debtors, estimate the value of lands,
and enforce contracts made by clerks and minors.
Two other very important and very busy officials were the
procuratori, or proctors. The proctors were responsible for all
the local affairs now managed by urban and district Councils,
and their duties were multifarious. They had to keep roads,
waterways and bridges in repair. They supervised the Campo
Marzo, the great tract of open land lying east of the Adige,
and at that time still outside the city. They had to prevent
the woods of the Commune of Verona (most of which lay in
the higher range of the Lessine Alps), from being recklessly
destroyed by woodcutters or charcoal-burners. They kept
registers of all the contracts and payments made by the Commune,
saw that none of the arcades on which most houses were
then built projected beyond a certain distance into the street,
and once a year superintended a great cleansing of the whole
city, the refuse from which was spread out over the Campo
Marzo. They regulated the sale of meat, which, with the exception
of lamb, was sold by weight, and saw that pork was
only sold by specially licensed butchers. And, as though
all this were not enough, a special clause directed that the
proctors must enforce any new orders passed by the Podesti
and the Commune. This would probably include many of the
sanitary and sumptuary regulations which are scattered throughout
the code, without any statement as to who was to enforce
them, such as the statute forbidding the casting of dirt into
the streets or water-ways except at night, and into running
water. It was doubtless the proctors who enforced the rules
regulating taverns, which forbade tavern-keepers to sell anything
besides wine to the citizens, or allow any but bond-fida
travellers to eat and drink in their inns. Perhaps it was the
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Allen, A. M. A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps., book, 1910; New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1025/m1/51/: accessed March 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .