A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps. Page: 46 of 493
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THE SELF-GOVERNING COMMUNE 29
The first statute is probably the oldest of all. It is the
formula of the oath to be taken by the Podesta or Rector, as
he is indifferently styled, on entering office. As it contains no
reference to the Consuls as possible heads of the state it must
have been drawn up after I 96, quite probably in I197. The
Podesta swore to serve the city, community and university'
of Verona faithfully, to preserve the public peace, the treva
Veronae, to settle all quarrels, to rule the inhabitants with
honesty and good faith, to listen to their complaints, and in
all cases brought before his tribunal to judge justly and in
accordance with the laws, customs and written statutes of the
city. (The laws, leges, were the Roman Law, which by
this time had ousted the rival personal laws, Frankish, Lombard
and Salic. The customs, boni mores, were the unwritten laws
of the city consecrated by immemorial usage. The statutes,
postae, are the code actually contained in Calvo's manuscript)
Succeeding statutes define the duties, privileges, salary and
retinue of the Podesta. If he were a native of Verona he received
2,000 lire a year, if a foreigner, i.e. the inhabitant of
another Italian city, 4000. In either case, he and his followers
were provided with free lodging, furniture and stabling. This
remuneration was on a princely scale, but out of his salary the
PodestS was bound to pay three judges, and to keep twelve
soldiers for the service of the Commune, and a fitting number of
squires. His term of office began on S. Peter's Day (29th June)
and lasted a year, and he was bound to reside in Verona for the
preceding month in order to render assistance to the outgoing
Podesta. He had to swear, in both public assemblies-the
Greater Council and the Concio, to keep the statutes of the
Commune, before he had either read or heard them, and only
after taking this oath was he allowed to go to the dwelling provided
for him by the city. If for any reason a PodestS could
not complete his term of office he forfeited the whole of his
salary, and was disqualified for all office in Verona during ten
years. He was forbidden to bring wife or child, grandson or
Universitas, not of course used in its modern sense, but as a wider term
than Commune or even city, embracing all the inhabitants of both sexes and all
ages, of a city and its surrounding territory.
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Allen, A. M. A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps., book, 1910; New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1025/m1/46/: accessed March 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .