A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps. Page: 45 of 493
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28 A HISTORY OF VERONA
The oldest code of statutes belonging to Verona dates from
this period. The code was put into writing in 1228 by the
notary Guglielmo Calvo,l but the majority of the statutes are
older, for it is expressly stated that twenty of the later statutes
(Nos. 244-63) were added in 1225. Now many of the statutes,
or postae as they are called, were not statutes at all, that is they
were not legislative enactments, but the record of decisions
taken on some special occasion by the Concio, or the Greater
Council, such as the order for the discharge of a debt by the
Commune. From the almost complete absence of any attempt
at arrangement by subject, and the way in which temporary
provisions are sandwiched among others of constitutional
importance, it may safely be assumed that the newpostae were
added to those already existing in the order in which they
were made, and hence that the statutes as a whole are arranged
in chronological sequence. Of other arrangement, as already
stated, there is little trace; there is no division into books; the
earlier statutes, it is true, are occupied principally with the duties
and oaths of the higher officials, but in some of the later parts
an indescribable confusion reigns Contracts with neighbouring
Communes, primitive sanitary regulations, attempts to make
peace between turbulent nobles crop up anywhere. The judges'
oath is followed by a statute forbidding pigs to be kept in the
city unless rings were put in their snouts, or (barbarous idea!)
the snout itself cut off. Here is a list of a few consecutive
postae (Nos. 223-38). The meshes of nets used for fishing in
the river must not be less than a given size: the Podest/ is
to pay 500 lire to Daniele de' Guidoti; hawks and falcons are
not to be captured when moulting; the envoys of the Commune
may accept no gifts; no new tolls are to be imposed on footpassengers;
no appeals are to be allowed against the sentence
of the Podesta of the House of Merchants or its Consuls in cases
concerning trade; this last statute alone, it will be noted, having
any constitutional importance.
1 The original manuscript, which is very clearly written and in an excellent
state of preservation, may still be seen in the Biblioteca Capitolare (MS. No. 119)
at Verona. The code was printed in 1728 by Bartolomeo Campagnola, under
the title of Liber _uris Civilis Verona*, the preface to which has already been
alluded to more than once.
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Allen, A. M. A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps., book, 1910; New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1025/m1/45/: accessed July 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .