A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps. Page: 25 of 493
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xo A HISTORY OF VERONA
(grandson of Berengarius I. through his mother), who wished
to marry Adelaide, widow of Hugo's son Lothair, to his own
son Adalbert. But Adelaide fled to Garda, a little town with
a strong castle on the eastern shores of Lake Garda, and held
out there for some months, and eventually took refuge with
Otto I., who solved her difficulties by marrying her himself.
Otto had recently come into Italy to enforce his rights as King
of the Romans. His arrival introduced a new element into
Italian politics, a close connexion with the Saxon Emperors,
which was felt more at Verona than anywhere else. In 952
the compromise of Augsburg was made, by which Berengarius
retained the crown of Italy in return for an annual tribute to
Otto. The north-east portion of the Lombard plain, however,
the Mark of Verona and Aquileia, was taken out of the Italian
kingdom, and united to that of Germany, being held by Otto's
brother, Henry Duke of Bavaria.' But the effect of this upon
Verona was but slight, indeed after Otto's final victory over
Berengarius in 964 the only result was a purely technical one,
i.e., in judicial and administrative matters the city was under
the control of the Imperial Chancellor for Germany, the Archbishop
of Mainz, instead of the Archbishop of Cologne, who
was Imperial Chancellor for Italy.
This transference, however, may have been one of the contributory
causes of the exceptional development of the judicial
and administrative system of the Veronese Mark. From 952
onwards the Mark was in theory governed by three officials,
the Count, the Marquis, and the Duke, who formed an ascending
scale of authority. In reality this arrangement never
lContinuator Reginonis, M. G. H., vol. i. p. 621. Benedetto di Vesme (I
Conti di Verona, N. A. V., vol. xi. pp. 245-46) tries to show that Verona was not
separated from Italy till after the fall of Berengarius II. in 964. But to prove
this di Vesme is obliged to assume, (a) that Berengarius in 950 divided the Mark
of the Friuli, which till then included Verona, into two parts, the Carinthian and
the Veronese Marks; (b) that the district given in 952 to Henry of Bavaria, and
which the Continuator Reginonis calls the Marca Veronensis et A quileiensis was
only the Carinthian Mark, and did not include Verona. The first assumption
rests only on analogy with the division of the Marks of Liguria and Lombardy
by Berengarius in 95o. The second, so far as I can see, has nothing to support
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Allen, A. M. A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps., book, 1910; New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1025/m1/25/: accessed December 11, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .