A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps. Page: 18 of 493
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
EARLY HISTORY 3
authorities hold that there was a third higher up the river, not
far from the Ponte del Castelvecchio.
During the break-up of the Western Empire, Verona underwent
more than one siege, and saw several decisive battles
fought below her walls. Constantine defeated the troops
of Maxentius there in 312, and Theodoric those of Odoacer in
489. Theodoric made Ravenna his capital, but Verona was always
his favourite dwelling-place, and her name is united for ever
with his in German legend as Dietrich's Bern. But Veronese
mediaeval tradition was far from favourable to the great Ostrogoth.
A rough twelfth century bas-relief on the facade of
S. Zeno represents a crowned horseman chasing a stag, and a
contemporary inscription below states that horse, hounds and
stag had been sent by the devil to lure the royal hunter on to
hell. Tradition identifies this horseman with Theodoric, and
the whole bas-relief is riddled with little holes bored by the
Veronese gamins in the hope of smelling the sulphur from the
flames in which the great Goth is still popularly supposed to
be burning. It is probable that the obloquy in which his
favourite city held Theodoric's memory was owing to his
Arianism, for the mediaeval Veronese, though later inclined to
favour Emperor against Pope, were otherwise strictly orthodox.
The destruction of the ancient Church of S. Stefano to
make room for new fortifications is attributed to Theodoric,
and would not have tended to ingratiate him with the orthodox
party. Yet he did much both for the beauty and healthiness
of the city. On the hill of S. Pietro he built a palace,
the substructures of which can still be traced amongst the
remains of the buildings, which have in succession occupied
that site.1 He strengthened and enlarged the walls, repaired
the aqueduct, and built arcades and public baths.2
1 Verona, C. Cipolla, p. 46. A. Pompei (Le Mura di Verona, A. V.,
vol. viii. p. 223) places the site of the palace at the foot of the hill, and some
way to the south of the Roman theatre.
2 There is some doubt as to the lines followed by Theodoric's walls. Some,
as A. Pompei, think that they started from the Castelvecchio and followed the
Adigetto, and included a large part on the left bank, but G. Biadego, Verona,
p. Io, shows that in the twelfth century, S. Giovanni in Valle, S. Maria in
Organo, S. Lorenzo, SS. Apostoli and S. Fermo were all outside the city.
Here’s what’s next.
This book can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Book.
Allen, A. M. A history of Verona, by A. M. Allen. Edited by Edward Armstrong, with twenty illustrations and three maps., book, 1910; New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1025/m1/18/: accessed October 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .