FCC Record, Volume 27, No. 5, Pages 3728 to 4696, April 9 - April 27, 2012 Page: 3,751
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the number of small entities that may be affected by the rules adopted herein." The RFA generally
defines the term "small entity" as having the same meaning as the terms "small business," "small
organization," and "small governmental jurisdiction."'2 In addition, the term "small business" has the
same meaning as the term "small business concern" under the Small Business Act."3 A "small business
concern" is one which: (1) is independently owned and operated; (2) is not dominant in its field of
operation; and (3) satisfies any additional criteria established by the Small Business Administration
9. Small Businesses, Small Organizations, and Small Governmental Jurisdictions. Our
action may, over time, affect small entities that are not easily categorized at present. We therefore
describe here, at the outset, three comprehensive, statutory small entity size standards.'5 First,
nationwide, there are a total of approximately 27.5 million small businesses, according to the SBA." In
addition, a "small organization" is generally "any not-for-profit enterprise which is independently owned
and operated and is not dominant in its field."'7 Nationwide, as of 2007, there were approximately
1,621,315 small organizations.'" Finally, the term "small governmental jurisdiction" is defined generally
as "governments of cities, towns, townships, villages, school districts, or special districts, with a
population of less than fifty thousand."'9 Census Bureau data for 2011 indicate that there were 89,476
local governmental jurisdictions in the United States.20 We estimate that, of this total, as many as 88,506
entities may qualify as "small governmental jurisdictions."2' Thus, we estimate that most governmental
jurisdictions are small.
10. Cellular Licensees. The SBA has developed a small business size standard for small
" 5 U.S.C. 604(a)(3).
12 5 U.S.C. 601(6).
13 5 U.S.C. 601(3) (incorporating by reference the definition of "small-business concern" in the Small Business
Act, 15 U.S.C. 632). Pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 601(3), the statutory definition of a small business applies "unless an
agency, after consultation with the Office of Advocacy of the Small Business Administration and after opportunity
for public comment, establishes one or more definitions of such term which are appropriate to the activities of the
agency and publishes such definition(s) in the Federal Register."
14 15 U.S.C. 632.
'5 See 5 U.S.C. 601(3)-(6).
16 See SBA, Office of Advocacy, "Frequently Asked Questions," web.sba.gov/faqs (last visited May 6, 2011; figures
are from 2009).
17 5 U.S.C. 601(4).
1' INDEPENDENT SECTOR, TItE NEW NONPROFIT ALMANAC & DESK REFERENCE (2010).
19 5 U.S.C. 601(5).
20 U.S. CENSUS BUREAU, STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF THE UNITED STATES: 2011, Table 427 (2007)
21 The 2007 U.S Census data for small governmental organizations are not presented based on the size of the
population in each such organization. There were 89, 476 small governmental organizations in 2007. If we assume
that county, municipal, township and school district organizations are more likely than larger governmental
organizations to have populations of 50,000 or less, , the total of these organizations is 52,125. If we make the same
assumption about special districts, and also assume that special districts are different from county, municipal,
township, and school districts, in 2007 there were 37,381 special districts. Therefore, of the 89,476 small
governmental organizations documented in 2007, as many as 89,506 may be considered small under the applicable
standard. This data may overestimate the number of such organizations that has a population of 50,000 or less. U.S.
CENSUS BUREAU, STATISTICAL ABSTRACT OF THE UNITED STATES 2011, Tables 427, 426 (Data cited
therein are from 2007).
Federal Communications Commission
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United States. Federal Communications Commission. FCC Record, Volume 27, No. 5, Pages 3728 to 4696, April 9 - April 27, 2012, book, April 2012; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc102307/m1/40/: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.