Homologous recombination contributes to the repair of DNA double-strand breaks induced by high-energy iron ions

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To test the contribution of homologous recombinational repair (HRR) in repairing DNA damaged sites induced by high-energy iron ions, we used: (1) HRR-deficient rodent cells carrying a deletion in the RAD51D gene and (2) syngeneic human cells impaired for HRR by RAD51D or RAD51 knockdown using RNA interference. We show that in response to iron ions, HRR contributes to cell survival in rodent cells, and that HRR-deficiency abrogates RAD51 foci formation. Complementation of the HRR defect by human RAD51D rescues both enhanced cytotoxicity and RAD51 foci formation. For human cells irradiated with iron ions, cell survival is decreased, and, in ... continued below

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Zafar, Faria; Seidler, Sara B.; Kronenberg, Amy; Schild, David & Wiese, Claudia June 29, 2010.

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To test the contribution of homologous recombinational repair (HRR) in repairing DNA damaged sites induced by high-energy iron ions, we used: (1) HRR-deficient rodent cells carrying a deletion in the RAD51D gene and (2) syngeneic human cells impaired for HRR by RAD51D or RAD51 knockdown using RNA interference. We show that in response to iron ions, HRR contributes to cell survival in rodent cells, and that HRR-deficiency abrogates RAD51 foci formation. Complementation of the HRR defect by human RAD51D rescues both enhanced cytotoxicity and RAD51 foci formation. For human cells irradiated with iron ions, cell survival is decreased, and, in p53 mutant cells, the levels of mutagenesis are increased when HRR is impaired. Human cells synchronized in S phase exhibit more pronounced resistance to iron ions as compared with cells in G1 phase, and this increase in radioresistance is diminished by RAD51 knockdown. These results implicate a role for RAD51-mediated DNA repair (i.e. HRR) in removing a fraction of clustered lesions induced by charged particle irradiation. Our results are the first to directly show the requirement for an intact HRR pathway in human cells in ensuring DNA repair and cell survival in response to high-energy high LET radiation.

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  • Report No.: LBNL-3269E
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • DOI: 10.2172/983115 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 983115
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1015370

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  • June 29, 2010

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  • Oct. 14, 2017, 8:36 a.m.

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  • Oct. 17, 2017, 6:15 p.m.

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Zafar, Faria; Seidler, Sara B.; Kronenberg, Amy; Schild, David & Wiese, Claudia. Homologous recombination contributes to the repair of DNA double-strand breaks induced by high-energy iron ions, report, June 29, 2010; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1015370/: accessed November 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.