Recent Developments in High-Harmonic Fast Wave Physics in NSTX

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Understanding the interaction between ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF) fast waves and the fast-ions created by neutral beam injection (NBI) is critical for future devices such as ITER, which rely on a combination ICRF and NBI. Experiments in NSTX which use 30 MHz High-Harmonic Fast-Wave (HHFW) ICRF and NBI heating show a competition between electron heating via Landau damping and transit-time magnetic pumping, and radio-frequency wave acceleration of NBI generated fast ions. Understanding and mitigating some of the power loss mechanisms outside the last closed flux surface (LCFS) has resulted in improved HHFW heating inside the LCFS. Nevertheless a ... continued below

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LeBlanc, B. P.; Bell, R. E.; Bonoli, P.; Harvey, R.; Heidbrink, W. W.; Hosea, J. C. et al. October 6, 2010.

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Understanding the interaction between ion cyclotron range of frequency (ICRF) fast waves and the fast-ions created by neutral beam injection (NBI) is critical for future devices such as ITER, which rely on a combination ICRF and NBI. Experiments in NSTX which use 30 MHz High-Harmonic Fast-Wave (HHFW) ICRF and NBI heating show a competition between electron heating via Landau damping and transit-time magnetic pumping, and radio-frequency wave acceleration of NBI generated fast ions. Understanding and mitigating some of the power loss mechanisms outside the last closed flux surface (LCFS) has resulted in improved HHFW heating inside the LCFS. Nevertheless a significant fraction of the HHFW power is diverted away from the enclosed plasma. Part of this power is observed locally on the divertor. Experimental observations point toward the radio-frequency (RF) excitation of surface waves, which disperse wave power outside the LCFS, as a leading loss mechanism. Lithium coatings lower the density at the antenna, thereby moving the critical density for perpendicular fast-wave propagation away from the antenna and surrounding material surfaces. Visible and infrared imaging reveal flows of RF power along open field lines into the divertor region. In L-mode -- low average NBI power -- conditions, the fast-ion D-alpha (FIDA) diagnostic measures a near doubling and broadening of the density profile of the upper energetic level of the fast ions concurrent with the presence of HHFW power launched with k// =-8m-1. We are able to heat NBI-induced H-mode plasmas with HHFW. The captured power is expected to be split between absorption by the electrons and absorption by the fast ions, based on TORIC calculation. In the case discussed here the Te increases over the whole profile when ~2MW of HHFW power with antenna k// =13m-1 is applied after the H-mode transition.. But somewhat unexpectedly fast-ion diagnostics do not observe a change between the HHFW heated NBI discharge and the reference NBI only plasma, although an increase in neutron production is measured. __________________________________________________

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  • IAEA 2010 Conference, Daejeon, Republic of Korea, (Oct. 11-16, 2010)

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  • Report No.: PPPL-4564
  • Grant Number: DE-ACO2-09CH11466
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 990741
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1014966

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  • October 6, 2010

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  • Oct. 14, 2017, 8:36 a.m.

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  • Nov. 6, 2017, 5:43 p.m.

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LeBlanc, B. P.; Bell, R. E.; Bonoli, P.; Harvey, R.; Heidbrink, W. W.; Hosea, J. C. et al. Recent Developments in High-Harmonic Fast Wave Physics in NSTX, article, October 6, 2010; Princeton, New Jersey. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1014966/: accessed December 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.