Phytosequestration: Carbon biosequestration by plants and the prospects of genetic engineering

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Photosynthetic assimilation of atmospheric carbon dioxide by land plants offers the underpinnings for terrestrial carbon (C) sequestration. A proportion of the C captured in plant biomass is partitioned to roots, where it enters the pools of soil organic C and soil inorganic C and can be sequestered for millennia. Bioenergy crops serve the dual role of providing biofuel that offsets fossil-fuel greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and sequestering C in the soil through extensive root systems. Carbon captured in plant biomass can also contribute to C sequestration through the deliberate addition of biochar to soil, wood burial, or the use of ... continued below

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Jansson, C.; Wullschleger, S.D.; Kalluri, U.C. & Tuskan, G.A. July 15, 2010.

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Photosynthetic assimilation of atmospheric carbon dioxide by land plants offers the underpinnings for terrestrial carbon (C) sequestration. A proportion of the C captured in plant biomass is partitioned to roots, where it enters the pools of soil organic C and soil inorganic C and can be sequestered for millennia. Bioenergy crops serve the dual role of providing biofuel that offsets fossil-fuel greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and sequestering C in the soil through extensive root systems. Carbon captured in plant biomass can also contribute to C sequestration through the deliberate addition of biochar to soil, wood burial, or the use of durable plant products. Increasing our understanding of plant, microbial, and soil biology, and harnessing the benefits of traditional genetics and genetic engineering, will help us fully realize the GHG mitigation potential of phytosequestration.

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  • Journal Name: BioScience; Journal Volume: 60; Journal Issue: 9; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 2010

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  • Report No.: LBNL-4007E
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • DOI: 10.1525/bio.2010.60.9.6 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 992486
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc1014442

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  • July 15, 2010

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  • Oct. 14, 2017, 8:36 a.m.

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  • Oct. 17, 2017, 6:55 p.m.

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Jansson, C.; Wullschleger, S.D.; Kalluri, U.C. & Tuskan, G.A. Phytosequestration: Carbon biosequestration by plants and the prospects of genetic engineering, article, July 15, 2010; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc1014442/: accessed June 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.